Julia Margaret Cameron

Julia Margaret Cameron
Julia Margaret Cameron by George Frederic Watts.jpg
Painting of Julia Margaret Cameron by George Frederic Watts, c. 1850–1852
BornJulia Margaret Pattle
(1815-06-11)11 June 1815
Calcutta, British India
Died26 January 1879(1879-01-26) (aged 63)
Kalutara, British Ceylon
NationalityBritish
Known forPhotography
An 1864 photograph by Cameron of her husband, Charles Hay Cameron (1795–1881)

Julia Margaret Cameron (née Pattle; 11 June 1815 Calcutta – 26 January 1879 Kalutara, Ceylon) was a British photographer.[1] She became known for her portraits of celebrities of the time, and for photographs with Arthurian and other legendary or heroic themes.

Cameron's photographic career was short, spanning eleven years of her life (1864–1875). She took up photography at the relatively late age of 48, when she was given a camera as a present.[2]Her style was not widely appreciated in her own day: her choice to use a soft focus and to treat photography as an art as well as a science, by manipulating the wet collodion process, caused her works to be viewed as "slovenly", marred by "mistakes" and bad photography. She found more acceptance among pre-Raphaelite artists than among photographers.[3] Her work has influenced modern photographers, especially her closely cropped portraits.[4] Her house, Dimbola Lodge, on the Isle of Wight is open to the public.

Early life

Julia Margaret Cameron was born Julia Margaret Pattle in Calcutta, India, to Adeline Marie de l'Etang and James Peter Pattle, a British official of the East India Company. Adeline de l'Etang was the daughter of Chevalier Ambrose Pierre Antoine de l'Etang, who had been a page of Marie Antoinette as well as an officer in the Garde du Corps of King Louis XVI. He had married the Indian-born Therese Blin de Grincourt, a daughter of French aristocrats.[5]

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