Judith Graham Pool

Judith Graham Pool
Born(1919-06-01)June 1, 1919
Queens, New York, USA
DiedJuly 13, 1975(1975-07-13) (aged 56)
Stanford, California, USA
CitizenshipUnited States
Alma materUniversity of Chicago
Known forDiscovery of cryoprecipitate
Scientific career
InstitutionsStanford University

Judith Ethel Graham Pool (June 1, 1919 - July 13, 1975) was an American scientist. She is best known for the discovery of cryoprecipitation, a process for creating concentrated blood clotting factors which significantly improved the quality of life for hemophiliacs around the world.


Judith Graham was born in Queens, N.Y. into a Jewish family. Her mother was a school teacher and her father was a stockbroker. She married Ithiel de Sola Pool, a political scientist, in her junior year in College. She stopped her graduate program when she gave birth to her two sons, Jonathan Robert and Jeremy David Pool,[1] in the 1940s. She got a divorce in the 1950s and moved to Oslo, Norway in 1958 - 1959. She had a daughter twenty years after the birth of her second son, then she married Maurice Sokolow, professor of medicine and hematology. Their marriage ended three years after.[2] Judith Pool died when she was 56 from a brain tumor.[3]

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