Juan Perón

His Excellency General
Juan Domingo Perón
RETRATO FOTOGRÁFICO DE PERÓN.jpg
Juan Perón in 1940
29th & 41st President of Argentina
In office
12 October 1973 – 1 July 1974
Vice PresidentIsabel Martínez de Perón
Preceded byRaúl Lastiri
Succeeded byIsabel Martínez de Perón
In office
4 June 1946 – 21 September 1955
Vice PresidentHortensio Quijano
Alberto Teisaire
Preceded byEdelmiro Farrell
Succeeded byEduardo Lonardi
Vice President of Argentina
De facto
In office
8 July 1944 – 10 October 1945
PresidentEdelmiro Farrell
Preceded byEdelmiro Farrell
Succeeded byJuan Pistarini
Minister of War
In office
24 February 1944 – 10 October 1945
PresidentPedro Pablo Ramírez
Edelmiro Farrell
Preceded byPedro Pablo Ramírez
Succeeded byEduardo Ávalos
Secretary of Labour and Social Security
In office
1 December 1943 – 10 October 1945
PresidentPedro Pablo Ramírez
Edelmiro Farrell
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byDomingo Mercante
Personal details
BornJuan Domingo Perón
(1895-10-08)8 October 1895
Lobos, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died1 July 1974(1974-07-01) (aged 78)
Olivos, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Resting placeMuseo Quinta 17 de Octubre
San Vicente, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Political partyLabour (1945–1947)
Justicialist (1947–1974)
Spouse(s)
Aurelia Tizón
(m. 1929; her death 1938)

Eva Duarte
(m. 1945; her death 1952)

Isabel Martínez Cartas
(m. 1961; his death 1974)
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Argentina
Service/branchSeal of the Argentine Army.svg Argentine Army
Years of service1913–1945
RankTeniente General.PNG Lieutenant General

Juan Domingo Perón (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈxwan doˈmiŋɡo peˈɾon]; 8 October 1895 – 1 July 1974) was an Argentine Army general and politician. After serving in several government positions, including Minister of Labor and Vice President, he was elected President of Argentina three times, serving from June 1946 to September 1955, when he was overthrown in a coup d'état, and then from October 1973 until his death in July 1974.

During his first presidential term (1946–52), Perón was supported by his second wife, Eva Duarte ("Evita"), and they were immensely popular among many Argentines. Eva died in 1952, and Perón was elected to a second term, serving from 1952 until 1955. During the following period of two military dictatorships, interrupted by two civilian governments, the Peronist party was outlawed and Perón was exiled. When the left-wing Peronist Hector Cámpora was elected President in 1973, Perón returned to Argentina and was soon after elected President for a third time. His third wife, María Estela Martínez, known as Isabel Perón, was elected as Vice President on his ticket and succeeded him as President upon his death in 1974.

Although they are still controversial figures, Juan and Evita Perón are nonetheless considered icons by the Peronists. The Peróns' followers praised their efforts to eliminate poverty and to dignify labour, while their detractors considered them demagogues and dictators. The Peróns gave their name to the political movement known as Peronism, which in present-day Argentina is represented mainly by the Justicialist Party.

Peronism is a political phenomenon that draws support from both the political left and political right. Peronism is not considered a traditional party, but a political movement, because of the wide variety of people who call themselves Peronists, and there is great controversy surrounding his personality. The following Argentinian presidents were Peronists: Héctor Cámpora, Isabel Perón, Carlos Menem, Adolfo Rodríguez Saá, Eduardo Duhalde, Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Kirchner.

Childhood and youth

Patio inside the home in Lobos where Perón was born.

Juan Domingo Perón was born in Lobos, Buenos Aires Province, on 8 October 1895. He was the son of Juana Sosa Toledo and Mario Tomás Perón. The Perón branch of his family was originally Spanish, but settled in Spanish Sardinia,[1] from which his great-grandfather emigrated in the 1830s; in later life Perón would publicly express his pride in his Sardinian roots.[2] He also had Spanish,[3] British and French Basque ancestry.[4]

Perón's great-grandfather became a successful shoe merchant in Buenos Aires, and his grandfather was a prosperous physician; his death in 1889 left his widow nearly destitute, however, and Perón's father moved to then-rural Lobos, where he administered an estancia and met his future wife. The couple had their two sons out of wedlock and married in 1901.[5]

His father moved to the Patagonia region that year, where he later purchased a sheep ranch. Juan himself was sent away in 1904 to a boarding school in Buenos Aires directed by his paternal grandmother, where he received a strict Catholic upbringing. His father's undertaking ultimately failed, and he died in Buenos Aires in 1928. The youth entered the National Military College in 1911 at age 16 and graduated in 1913. He excelled less in his studies than in athletics, particularly boxing and fencing.[2]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Juan Perón
العربية: خوان بيرون
asturianu: Juan Perón
Bân-lâm-gú: Juan Domingo Perón
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Хуан-Дамінга Пэрон
български: Хуан Перон
bosanski: Juan Perón
čeština: Juan Perón
Deutsch: Juan Perón
Ελληνικά: Χουάν Περόν
euskara: Juan Perón
فارسی: خوآن پرون
français: Juan Perón
Gaeilge: Juan Perón
hrvatski: Juan Perón
Bahasa Indonesia: Juan Perón
íslenska: Juan Perón
Basa Jawa: Juan Perón
ქართული: ხუან პერონი
kurdî: Juan Peron
latviešu: Huans Perons
Lëtzebuergesch: Juan Perón
lietuvių: Juan Perón
Bahasa Melayu: Juan Peron
Nederlands: Juan Perón
norsk nynorsk: Juan Perón
polski: Juan Perón
română: Juan Perón
shqip: Péron
Simple English: Juan Perón
slovenčina: Juan Perón
српски / srpski: Хуан Доминго Перон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Juan Perón
svenska: Juan Perón
Tagalog: Juan Perón
Türkçe: Juan Perón
Tiếng Việt: Juan Perón
Winaray: Juan Perón
Yorùbá: Juan Perón
粵語: 環貝隆