Journalist

A television reporter speaking into a microphone in front of a camera, 2005

A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information to the public. A journalist's work is called journalism. A journalist can work with general issues or specialize in certain issues. However, most journalists tend to specialize, and by cooperating with other journalists, produce journals that span many topics.[1] For example, a sports journalist covers news within the world of sports, but this journalist may be a part of a newspaper that covers many different topics.

Roles

A reporter is a type of journalist who researches, writes, and reports on information in order to present in sources, conduct interviews, engage in research, and make reports. The information-gathering part of a journalist's job is sometimes called reporting, in contrast to the production part of the job such as writing articles. Reporters may split their time between working in a newsroom and going out to witness events or interviewing people. Reporters may be assigned a specific beat or area of coverage.

Depending on the context, the term journalist may include various types of editors, editorial writers, columnists, and visual journalists, such as photojournalists (journalists who use the medium of photography).

Journalism has developed a variety of ethics and standards. While objectivity and a lack of bias are of primary concern and importance, more liberal types of journalism, such as advocacy journalism and activism, intentionally adopt a non-objective viewpoint. This has become more prevalent with the advent of social media and blogs, as well as other platforms that are used to manipulate or sway social and political opinions and policies. These platforms often project extreme bias, as "sources" are not always held accountable or considered necessary in order to produce a written, televised or otherwise "published" end product.

Matthew C. Nisbet, who has written on science communication,[2] has defined a "knowledge journalist" as a public intellectual who, like Walter Lippmann, David Brooks, Fareed Zakaria, Naomi Klein, Michael Pollan, Thomas Friedman, and Andrew Revkin, sees their role as researching complicated issues of fact or science which most laymen would not have the time or access to information to research themselves, then communicating an accurate and understandable version to the public as a teacher and policy advisor.

In his best-known books, Public Opinion (1922) and The Phantom Public (1925), Lippmann argued that most individuals lacked the capacity, time, and motivation to follow and analyze news of the many complex policy questions that troubled society. Nor did they often directly experience most social problems, or have direct access to expert insights. These limitations were made worse by a news media that tended to over-simplify issues and to reinforce stereotypes, partisan viewpoints, and prejudices. As a consequence, Lippmann believed that the public needed journalists like himself who could serve as expert analysts, guiding “citizens to a deeper understanding of what was really important.”[3]

In 2018, the United States Department of Labor's Occupational Outlook Handbook reported that employment for the category, "reporters, correspondents and broadcast news analysts," will decline 9 percent between 2016 and 2026.[4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Joernalis
Alemannisch: Journalist
العربية: صحفي
asturianu: Periodista
azərbaycanca: Jurnalist
বাংলা: সাংবাদিক
беларуская: Журналіст
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Журналіст
български: Журналист
བོད་ཡིག: གསར་འགོད་པ།
bosanski: Novinar
català: Periodista
Чӑвашла: Журналист
čeština: Novinář
dansk: Journalist
Deutsch: Journalist
Ελληνικά: Δημοσιογράφος
español: Periodista
Esperanto: Ĵurnalisto
euskara: Kazetari
français: Journaliste
furlan: Gjornalist
Gaeilge: Iriseoir
galego: Xornalista
한국어: 저널리스트
հայերեն: Լրագրող
हिन्दी: पत्रकार
hrvatski: Novinar
Bahasa Indonesia: Wartawan
italiano: Giornalista
עברית: עיתונאי
Basa Jawa: Wartawan
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಪತ್ರಕರ್ತ
ქართული: ჟურნალისტი
қазақша: Журналист
Kreyòl ayisyen: Jounalis
Кыргызча: Журналист
لۊری شومالی: روزنامه نیس
latviešu: Žurnālists
lietuvių: Žurnalistas
lumbaart: Giurnalista
македонски: Новинар
Malagasy: Mpanao gazety
Bahasa Melayu: Wartawan
Nederlands: Journalist
нохчийн: Журналист
norsk: Journalist
norsk nynorsk: Journalist
occitan: Jornalista
олык марий: Журналист
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੱਤਰਕਾਰ
پنجابی: صحافی
پښتو: خبريال
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អ្នកសារពត័មាន
polski: Dziennikarz
português: Jornalista
română: Jurnalist
русиньскый: Новинарь
русский: Журналист
Scots: Jurnalist
shqip: Gazetari
sicilianu: Jurnalista
Simple English: Journalist
سنڌي: صحافي
slovenčina: Novinár
Soomaaliga: Wariye
српски / srpski: Новинар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Novinar
suomi: Toimittaja
svenska: Journalist
Tagalog: Mamamahayag
Türkçe: Gazeteci
українська: Журналіст
اردو: صحافی
vèneto: Giornałista
Tiếng Việt: Nhà báo
ייִדיש: זשורנאליסט