José de Espronceda

José de Espronceda
José de Espronceda (detalle).jpg
BornJosé Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado
(1808-03-25)25 March 1808
Almendralejo, Province of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain
Died23 May 1842(1842-05-23) (aged 34)
Madrid, Spain
Resting placeCementerio de San Justo
NationalitySpanish
OccupationPoet, writer and journalist
MovementRomanticism
ChildrenBlanca Espronceda de Escosura (1834 - 1900)
Parent(s)
  • Camilo de Espronceda (father)

José Ignacio Javier Oriol Encarnación de Espronceda y Delgado (25 March 1808 – 23 May 1842) was a Romantic Spanish poet, one of the most representative authors of the XIX century.[2] He was influenced by Eugenio de Ochoa, Federico Madrazo, Alfred Tennyson, Richard Chenevix Trench and Diego de Alvear.[3]

Life

House where Espronceda was born

Espronceda was born in Almendralejo, at the Province of Badajoz.[4] As a youth, he studied at the Colegio San Mateo at Madrid, having Alberto Lista as a teacher. When he was 15 years old, he formed a secret society named "Los Numantinos" alongside his friends Ventura de la Vega and Patricio de la Escosura, conspiring against Ferdinand VII and intending to avenge the death of Rafael del Riego. For this, he was imprisoned in a monastery and exiled.[5] Afterward, he left Spain and lived in Lisbon, Belgium, France, England and Holland. On his return to Spain in 1833, he became active in the extreme left-wing of Spanish political culture. Espronceda is also known for his affair with Teresa Mancha, for whom he wrote "Canto a Teresa" (from El diablo mundo). He died of diphtheria in 1842.

In 1902, his body was moved to Panteón de Hombres Ilustres, Spain.[6]

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