José Ramos-Horta

José Ramos-Horta

Jose Ramos 1996.jpg
Ramos-Horta in 1996
4th President of East Timor
In office
17 April 2008 – 20 May 2012
Prime MinisterXanana Gusmão
Preceded byFernando de Araújo (Acting)
Succeeded byTaur Matan Ruak
In office
20 May 2007 – 11 February 2008
Prime MinisterEstanislau da Silva
Xanana Gusmão
Preceded byXanana Gusmão
Succeeded byVicente Guterres (Acting)
3rd Prime Minister of East Timor
In office
26 June 2006 – 19 May 2007
PresidentXanana Gusmão
Preceded byMari Alkatiri
Succeeded byEstanislau da Silva
Personal details
José Manuel Ramos-Horta

(1949-12-26) 26 December 1949 (age 69)
Dili, Portuguese Timor
(now East Timor)
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Ana Pessoa (Divorced)
Alma materAntioch College
Busan University of Foreign Studies

José Manuel Ramos-Horta GColIH GCL (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ ˈʁɐ̃muz ˈɔɾtɐ]; born 26 December 1949) is an East Timorese politician who was the President of East Timor from 20 May 2007 to 20 May 2012. Previously he was Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2002 to 2006 and Prime Minister from 2006 to 2007. He is a co-recipient of the 1996 Nobel Peace Prize along with Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, for working "towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor".

As a founder and former member of Fretilin, Ramos-Horta served as the exiled spokesman for the East Timorese resistance during the years of the Indonesian occupation of East Timor (1975–1999). While he continued to work with Fretilin, Ramos-Horta resigned from the party in 1988, becoming an independent politician.[1]

After East Timor achieved independence in 2002, Ramos-Horta was appointed as the country's first foreign minister. He served in this position until his resignation on 25 June 2006, amidst political turmoil. On 26 June, following the resignation of Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri, Ramos-Horta was appointed as acting Prime Minister by President Xanana Gusmão. Two weeks later, on 10 July 2006, he was sworn in as the second Prime Minister of East Timor. He was elected as President in 2007. On 11 February 2008, Ramos-Horta was shot during an assassination attempt.

After leaving office as President in 2012, Ramos-Horta was appointed as the United Nations' Special Representative and Head of the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS) on 2 January 2013.

Early history and family

Of mestiço ethnicity,[2] Ramos-Horta was born in 1949 in Dili, capital of East Timor, to a Timorese mother and a Portuguese father who had been exiled to what was then Portuguese Timor by the Salazar dictatorship. He was educated in a Catholic mission in the small village of Soibada, later chosen by Fretilin as headquarters after the Indonesian invasion. Of his eleven brothers and sisters, four were killed by the Indonesian military.

Ramos-Horta studied Public International Law at the Hague Academy of International Law (1983) and at Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio where he completed a Master of Arts degree in Peace Studies (1984). He was trained in Human Rights Law at the International Institute of Human Rights in Strasbourg (1983). He completed Post-Graduate courses in American foreign policy at Columbia University in New York (1983).[3][4] He is a Senior Associate Member of the University of Oxford's St Antony's College (1987) and speaks fluently in five languages: Portuguese, plus English, French, Spanish and the most commonly spoken East Timorese language, Tetum.[5]

He is divorced from Ana Pessoa Pinto, East Timor's Minister for State and Internal Administration, with whom he has a son, Loro Horta, born in exile in Mozambique.[6]

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: José Ramos Horta
беларуская: Жазэ Рамуш-Орта
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Жазэ Рамуш-Орта
български: Жузе Рамус-Орта
Bahasa Indonesia: José Ramos Horta
Bahasa Melayu: José Ramos-Horta
Nederlands: José Ramos-Horta
português: José Ramos-Horta
Simple English: José Ramos-Horta
slovenščina: José Ramos-Horta
српски / srpski: Жозе Рамос Орта
українська: Жозе Рамуш-Орта
Tiếng Việt: José Ramos-Horta