José Manso de Velasco, 1st Count of Superunda

The Count of Superunda

Conde de Superunda.jpg
Portrait of Manso de Velasco as Viceroy of Peru, 1746
30th Viceroy of Peru
In office
MonarchFerdinand VI
Prime MinisterMarquis of Ensenada
Preceded byJosé Antonio de Mendoza
Succeeded byManuel de Amat
Royal Governor of Chile
In office
November 1737 – June 1744
MonarchPhilip V
Preceded byManuel de Salamanca
Succeeded byFrancisco José de Ovando
Personal details
Torrecilla en Cameros, Spain
DiedMay 6, 1767(1767-05-06) (aged 78–79)
Granada, Spain
ChildrenDiego Manso de Velasco
ProfessionBrigadier General

José Antonio Manso de Velasco y Sánchez de Samaniego, KOS (Spanish: José Antonio Manso de Velasco y Sánchez de Samaniego, primer Conde de Superunda) (1688 – May 6, 1767) was a Spanish soldier and politician who served as governor of Chile and viceroy of Peru.

As Governor of Chile

Statue of Governor José Antonio Manso de Velasco in the city of Rancagua.

Manso de Velasco served as governor of Chile from November 1737 to June 1744, during which time he stood out for his numerous projects. His tenure saw the construction of the first public food market in Santiago, irrigation canals on the Maipo River as well as breakwaters on the Mapocho River, the rebuilding of Valdivia (destroyed by an earthquake), and the celebration of an armistice with the indigenous Mapuche people, signed in the "Parlement of Tapihue".

In addition, he founded a large number of Chilean cities listed here with their current names, their given names, and their date of founding:

His efficiency and diligence recommended him to a higher post, and Ferdinand VI named him viceroy of Peru in 1745, making him the first governor of Chile to be elevated in such a manner.