José Manso de Velasco, 1st Count of Superunda

José Manso de Velasco
Conde de Superunda
Caballero de Santiago
Conde de Superunda.jpg
30th Viceroy of Peru
In office
Monarch Ferdinand VI
Prime Minister Marquis of Ensenada
Preceded by José Antonio de Mendoza
Succeeded by Manuel de Amat
Royal Governor of Chile
In office
November 1737 – June 1744
Monarch Philip V
Preceded by Manuel de Salamanca
Succeeded by Francisco José de Ovando
Personal details
Born 1688
Torrecilla en Cameros, Spain
Died May 6, 1767(1767-05-06) (aged 78–79)
Granada, Spain
Children Diego Manso de Velasco
Profession Brigadier General

José Antonio Manso de Velasco y Sánchez de Samaniego ( Spanish: José Antonio Manso de Velasco y Sánchez de Samaniego, primer Conde de Superunda) (1688 – May 6, 1767) was a Spanish soldier and politician who served as governor of Chile and viceroy of Peru.

As Governor of Chile

Statue of Governor José Antonio Manso de Velasco in the city of Rancagua.

Manso de Velasco served as governor of Chile from November 1737 to June 1744, during which time he stood out for his numerous projects. His tenure saw the construction of the first public food market in Santiago, irrigation canals on the Maipo River as well as breakwaters on the Mapocho River, the rebuilding of Valdivia (destroyed by an earthquake), and the celebration of an armistice with the indigenous Mapuche people, signed in the "Parlement of Tapihue".

In addition, he founded a large number of Chilean cities listed here with their current names, their given names, and their date of founding:

His efficiency and diligence recommended him to a higher post, and Ferdinand VI named him viceroy of Peru in 1745, making him the first governor of Chile to be elevated in such a manner.