General José Ignacio de Gorriti (1770 – 9 November 1835) was an
Argentine statesman, soldier and lawyer. He was a representative to the
Congress of Tucumán which on 9 July 1816
declared the Independence of Argentina.
Gorriti was born in
Jujuy to Feliciana Coeto and Ignacio de Gorriti Navarro, members of the local gentry. He and his brother,
Juan Ignacio de Gorriti (later a prominent priest and lawmaker), studied at the
Montserrat School in
Córdoba. In 1788 he entered the
University of Chuquisaca, graduating in canonical and civil law. He was forced to return to Jujuy on the death of his father to look after the family and their interests. In 1802 he married Facunda Zuviría.
In 1810, following the
May Revolution, Gorriti became an active and vocal supporter of the revolutionary cause. He campaigned with the Army of the North and alongside General
Martín Güemes, and was subsequently elected by a grateful
Salta to the
Tucumán Congress, serving in 1816 for the declaration. When the Congress moved to
Buenos Aires in 1817, he resigned to continue to work in Salta with Güemes. He had a distinguished role in the campaign, organising the
gaucho cavalry and in 1820 won a key battle against the royalists.
Gorriti was made governor of
Salta Province in 1822 and served with distinction, having a second term between 1827 and 1829. He had several further military successes both against
Spanish forces and against the
Juan Facundo Quiroga. Quiroga's later success, however, obliged him to go in exile to
Bolivia, where he died penniless with many children.
Gorriti's daughter was
Juana Manuela Gorriti, the writer, who married future Bolivian President,
Manuel Isidro Belzu.