García Belaúnde was born in Lima. He studied at Colegio de la Inmaculada in Lima and then in Colegio Winnetka. He graduated as a lawyer from Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, where he became a close friend of President Alan García. He earned a Post Graduate Diploma in Foreign Policy from the University of Oxford, and also attended the Diplomatic Academy of Peru, graduating with a BA in International Relations.
Nephew of Fernando Belaúnde, in July 2006, García Belaúnde became Perú's Minister of Foreign Affairs.
- Second and First Secretary, Permanent Mission of Peru to the United Nations (1973–1976)
- First Secretary, Embassy of Peru in France (1976–1978)
- First Secretary, Embassy of Peru in Mexico (1978–1979)
- Minister Counsellor, Embassy of Peru in Spain (1982–1984)
- Minister Counsellor of the Embassy of Peru in Ecuador (1984 and 1985)
- Minister, Embassy of Peru in the United States of America (1985–1986)
- Ambassador of Peru to the Latin American Free Trade Association, ALADI (Montevideo, 1986–1988)
Positions in the Central Government
As well as holding a number of important diplomatic posts. He has also held a number of important positions in the central government, serving under seven Presidents
- Chief Technical Office of Minister of Foreign Affairs of Peru, Ambassador Carlos García Bedoya (1979)
- Director of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1980)
- Director General of Trade Negotiations, Ministry of Economy, Finance and Commerce (1981–1982)
- Undersecretary of Economic Affairs and Integration, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru (1988–1990)
- Minister of State for Foreign Affairs (2006–2011)