José Donoso

José Donoso
Donoso in 1981
Donoso in 1981
BornJosé Donoso Yáñez
(1924-10-05)5 October 1924
Santiago
Chile
Died7 December 1996(1996-12-07) (aged 72)
Santiago
Chile
OccupationWriter, journalist, professor
LanguageSpanish
NationalityChilean
Alma materUniversity of Chile
GenreNovel, short story
Literary movementLatin American Boom
Notable worksHell Has No Limits,
The Obscene Bird of Night
Notable awardsNational Prize for Literature (Chile) 1990
Years active20th century
SpouseMaría del Pilar Serrano
ChildrenPilar Donoso

José Donoso Yáñez (October 5, 1924 – December 7, 1996) was a Chilean writer. He lived most of his life in Chile, although he spent many years in self-imposed exile in Mexico, the United States (Iowa) and mainly Spain. Although he had left his country in the sixties for personal reasons, after 1973 he said his exile was also a form of protest against the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. He returned to Chile in 1981 and lived there until his death.

Donoso is the author of a number of noted stories and novels, which contributed greatly to the Latin American literary boom. The term 'Boom' was coined in his 1972 essay Historia personal del "boom".[1] His best known works include the novels Coronación (es), El lugar sin límites (The Place Without Limits) and El obsceno pájaro de la noche (The Obscene Bird of Night). His works deal with a number of themes, including sexuality, the duplicity of identity, psychology, and a sense of dark humor.

Early life

José Donoso Yáñez was born on October 5, 1924, a son of the doctor José Donoso Donoso and Alicia Yáñez, niece of the writer Eliodoro Yanez, founder of the newspaper La Nación.(The Nation) He studied in The Grange School, where he was classmates with Luis Alberto Heiremans and Carlos Fuentes, and in Liceo José Victorino Lastarria (José Victorino Lastarria High School). Coming from a comfortable family, during his childhood he worked as a juggler and an office worker, much before he developed as a writer and teacher.[citation needed]

In 1945 he traveled to the southernmost part of Chile and Argentina, where he worked on sheep farms in the province of Magallanes. Two years later, he finished high school and signed up to study English in the Institute of Teaching in the Universidad de Chile (University of Chile). In 1949, thanks to a scholarship from the Doherty Foundation, he changed to studying ancient English texts in the University of Princeton, where he had professors like R. P. Blackmur, Lawrence Thompson and Allan Tate. The Princeton magazine, MSS, published his first two stories in the English language: The blue woman and The poisoned pastries between 1950 and 1951.[citation needed]

Other Languages
العربية: خوسيه دونوسو
تۆرکجه: خوسه دونوسو
Deutsch: José Donoso
español: José Donoso
Esperanto: José Donoso
français: José Donoso
한국어: 호세 도노소
italiano: José Donoso
polski: José Donoso
português: José Donoso
română: José Donoso
русский: Доносо, Хосе
svenska: José Donoso