John of Matha

Saint John of Matha
Sv Jan z Malty.jpg
Confessor; Founder of the Trinitarians
BornJune 23, 1160
Faucon-de-Barcelonnette
DiedDecember 17, 1213
Rome
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
CanonizedCultus confirmed 21 October 1666 by Pope Alexander VII
FeastDecember 17[1] (Ordinary Form); February 8 (Extraordinary Form)
Attributespurse, man in Trinitarian habit, with the white with blue and red cross on the breast, with chains in his hands or at his feet, captives near him, and his mitre at his feet

Saint John of Matha (1160–1213), was a Christian saint of the 12th century and founder of the Order of the Most Holy Trinity, dedicated to ransoming captive Christians.

Background

Between the eighth and the fifteenth centuries medieval Europe was in a state of intermittent warfare between the Christian kingdoms of southern Europe and the Muslim polities of North Africa, Southern France, Sicily and portions of Spain. According to James W. Brodman, the threat of capture or kidnapping, whether by pirates or coastal raiders, or during one of the region's intermittent wars, was a continual concern for residents of Catalonia, Languedoc, and the other coastal provinces of medieval Christian Europe.[2] Raids by militias, bands, and armies from both sides was an almost annual occurrence.[3]

The threat of capture, whether by pirates or coastal raiders, or during one of the region's intermittent wars, was not a new but rather a continuing threat to the residents of Catalonia, Languedoc, and the other coastal provinces of medieval Christian Europe.[2]

The redemption of captives is listed among the corporal works of mercy. The period of the Crusades, when so many Christians were in danger of falling into the hands of Muslims, witnessed the rise of religious orders vowed exclusively to this pious work.[4]

Other Languages
català: Joan de Mata
čeština: Jan z Mathy
español: Juan de Mata
Esperanto: Johano el Matha
français: Jean de Matha
Kiswahili: Yohane wa Matha
Nederlands: Johannes van Matha
polski: Jan de Matha
português: Jean de Matha
Runa Simi: Huwan Matamanta
русский: Мата, Жан де
slovenščina: Janez de Matha
Tagalog: Juan ng Matha