John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter

John Holland
refer to caption
Drawing of John Holland's tomb effigy
Titles and styles
Born29 March 1395[1][2][3]
Dartington, Devonshire, England
Died5 August 1447 (aged 52)
Stepney, Middlesex, England
BuriedSt Katharine's by the Tower, London
FamilyHolland
SpousesLady Anne Stafford
Beatrice of Portugal
Lady Anne Montacute
Issue
Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter
Anne Holland, Baroness Neville
FatherJohn Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter
MotherElizabeth of Lancaster

John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon KG (29 March 1395 – 5 August 1447) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War. His father, the 1st Duke of Exeter, was a maternal half-brother to Richard II of England, and was executed after King Richard's deposition. The Holland family estates and titles were forfeited, but John was able to recover them by dedicating his career to royal service. Holland rendered great assistance to his cousin Henry V in his conquest of France, fighting both on land and on the sea. He was marshal and admiral of England and governor of Aquitaine under Henry VI.[4]

Family

Exeter was the second son of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter and Lady Elizabeth of Lancaster. His paternal grandparents were Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent and Joan of Kent, Princess of Wales, who after Holland's death had married the Prince of Wales, Edward, the Black Prince. His maternal grandparents were John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Blanche of Lancaster. By his paternal grandmother, he was a half-nephew of Richard II of England. By his maternal grandparents, he was a nephew of Henry IV of England, a first cousin of Henry V of England, and a first cousin once removed of Henry VI of England.