John Glenn

John Glenn
John Glenn Low Res.jpg
United States Senator
from Ohio
In office
December 24, 1974 – January 3, 1999
Preceded byHoward Metzenbaum[1]
Succeeded byGeorge Voinovich[2]
Chair of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1995
Preceded byWilliam V. Roth Jr.[3]
Succeeded byWilliam V. Roth Jr.[4]
Personal details
BornJohn Herschel Glenn Jr.
(1921-07-18)July 18, 1921
Cambridge, Ohio, U.S.
DiedDecember 8, 2016(2016-12-08) (aged 95)
Columbus, Ohio, U.S.
Resting placeArlington National Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic
Annie Castor (m. 1943)
EducationMuskingum University (BS)
University of Maryland, College Park
Civilian awardsCongressional Gold Medal
Presidential Medal of Freedom
Congressional Space Medal of Honor
NASA Distinguished Service Medal
Military service
Service/branchU.S. Navy
U.S. Marine Corps
Years of service1941–1965
RankUS-O6 insignia.svg Colonel
25th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron
Battles/warsWorld War II
Chinese Civil War
Korean War
Military awards
John Glenn Portrait.jpg
NASA astronaut
Other names
John Herschel Glenn Jr.
Other occupation
Test pilot
Time in space
4h 55m 23s
Selection1959 NASA Group 1
MissionsMercury-Atlas 6
Mission insignia
Friendship 7 (Mercury–Atlas 6) insignia
RetirementJanuary 16, 1964
AwardsDistinguished Flying Cross
Congressional Space Medal of Honor
NASA Distinguished Service Medal
NASA Payload Specialist
Time in space
9d 2h 39m
AwardsPresidential Medal of Freedom

Colonel John Herschel Glenn Jr. (July 18, 1921 – December 8, 2016) was a United States Marine Corps aviator, engineer, astronaut, and United States Senator from Ohio. In 1962, he became the first American to orbit the Earth, circling it three times.

Before joining NASA, Glenn was a distinguished fighter pilot in World War II, China and Korea. He shot down three MiG-15 aircraft, and was awarded six Distinguished Flying Crosses and eighteen Air Medals. In 1957, he made the first supersonic transcontinental flight across the United States. His on-board camera took the first continuous, panoramic photograph of the United States.

He was one of the Mercury Seven, military test pilots selected in 1959 by NASA as the United States' first astronauts. On February 20, 1962, Glenn flew the Friendship 7 mission, becoming the first American to orbit the Earth, and the fifth person and third American in space. He received the NASA Distinguished Service Medal in 1962 and the Congressional Space Medal of Honor in 1978, was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame in 1990, and was the last surviving member of the Mercury Seven.

Glenn resigned from NASA in January 1964. He planned to run for a U.S. Senate seat from Ohio, but an injury in February 1964 forced his withdrawal. He retired from the Marine Corps the following year. He lost a close primary election in 1970. A member of the Democratic Party, Glenn first won election to the Senate in 1974 and served for 24 years until January 1999. In 1998, while still a sitting Senator, Glenn became the oldest person to fly in space as a crew member of the Discovery space shuttle and the only person to fly in both the Mercury and Space Shuttle programs. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2012.

Early life and education

John Herschel Glenn Jr. was born on July 18, 1921, in Cambridge, Ohio, the son of John Herschel Glenn Sr., who worked for a plumbing firm, and Clara Teresa née Sproat, a teacher.[5][6][7] His parents had married shortly before his father, a member of the American Expeditionary Force, left for the Western Front during World War I. The family moved to New Concord, Ohio, soon after his birth, and his father started his own business, the Glenn Plumbing Company.[8][9] He took his first flight in an airplane with his father when he was eight years old. He became fascinated by flight, and built model airplanes from balsa wood kits.[10] Along with his adopted sister Jean,[8] he attended New Concord Elementary School.[11] He washed cars and sold rhubarb to earn money to buy a bicycle, after which he took a job delivering The Columbus Dispatch newspaper.[12] He was a member of the Ohio Rangers, an organization similar to the Cub Scouts.[13] His boyhood home in New Concord has been restored as a historic house museum and education center.[14]

Glenn attended New Concord High School, where he played on the varsity football team as a center and linebacker. He also made the varsity basketball and tennis teams, and was involved with Hi-Y, a junior branch of the YMCA.[15] After graduating in 1939, Glenn entered Muskingum College, where he studied engineering,[16] and Annie majored in music, with minors in secretarial studies and physical education, as she was on the swimming and volleyball teams.[17] Glenn was a member of the Stag Club fraternity there,[18] and played on the football team.[17] He earned a private pilot license under the Civilian Pilot Training Program in 1941,[19] gaining credit in his physics course,[16] since the course included aerodynamics, combustion and heat transfer.[19] He did not complete his senior year in residence or take a proficiency exam, both required by the school for its Bachelor of Science degree. Muskingum awarded his degree in 1962, after Glenn's Mercury space flight.[20]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: John Glenn
العربية: جون غلين
asturianu: John Glenn
azərbaycanca: Con Qlenn
беларуская: Джон Глен
български: Джон Глен
bosanski: John Glenn
català: John Glenn
čeština: John Glenn
Cymraeg: John Glenn
dansk: John Glenn
Deutsch: John Glenn
eesti: John Glenn
Ελληνικά: Τζον Γκλεν
español: John Glenn
Esperanto: John Glenn
euskara: John Glenn
فارسی: جان گلن
français: John Glenn
Gaeilge: John Glenn
Gàidhlig: John Glenn
galego: John Glenn
한국어: 존 글렌
Հայերեն: Ջոն Գլեն
hrvatski: John Glenn
Bahasa Indonesia: John Herschel Glenn
íslenska: John Glenn
italiano: John Glenn
עברית: ג'ון גלן
қазақша: Джон Гленн
latviešu: Džons Glenns
Lëtzebuergesch: John Glenn
magyar: John Glenn
македонски: Џон Глен
Malagasy: John Glenn
मराठी: जॉन ग्लेन
Bahasa Melayu: John Glenn
Nederlands: John Glenn
norsk: John Glenn
norsk nynorsk: John Glenn
occitan: John Glenn
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜਾਹਨ ਗਲਿਨ
Plattdüütsch: John Herschel Glenn
polski: John Glenn
português: John Glenn
română: John Glenn
русский: Гленн, Джон
Scots: John Glenn
Simple English: John Glenn
slovenčina: John Glenn
slovenščina: John Glenn
српски / srpski: Џон Глен
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: John Glenn
suomi: John Glenn
svenska: John Glenn
Tagalog: John Glenn
Türkçe: John Glenn
українська: Джон Гленн
Tiếng Việt: John Glenn
Winaray: John Glenn