John Glenn

John Glenn
John Glenn Low Res.jpg
United States Senator
from Ohio
In office
December 24, 1974 – January 3, 1999
Preceded byHoward Metzenbaum[1]
Succeeded byGeorge Voinovich[2]
Chair of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1995
Preceded byWilliam V. Roth Jr.[3]
Succeeded byWilliam V. Roth Jr.[4]
Personal details
BornJohn Herschel Glenn Jr.
(1921-07-18)July 18, 1921
Cambridge, Ohio, U.S.
DiedDecember 8, 2016(2016-12-08) (aged 95)
Columbus, Ohio, U.S.
Resting placeArlington National Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Annie Castor (m. 1943)
Children2
EducationMuskingum University (BS)
University of Maryland, College Park
Civilian awardsCongressional Gold Medal
Presidential Medal of Freedom
Congressional Space Medal of Honor
NASA Distinguished Service Medal
Signature
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
 United States Marine Corps
Years of service1941–1965
RankUS-O6 insignia.svg Colonel
Battles/warsWorld War II
Chinese Civil War
Korean War
Military awards
John Glenn Portrait.jpg
NASA astronaut
Other names
John Herschel Glenn Jr.
Other occupation
Test pilot
Time in space
4h 55m 23s
Selection1959 NASA Group 1
MissionsMercury-Atlas 6
Mission insignia
Friendship 7 (Mercury–Atlas 6) insignia
RetirementJanuary 16, 1964
AwardsDistinguished Flying Cross
Congressional Space Medal of Honor
NASA Distinguished Service Medal
JohnGlenn.jpg
NASA Payload Specialist
Time in space
9d 2h 39m
MissionsSTS-95
AwardsPresidential Medal of Freedom

Colonel John Herschel Glenn Jr. (July 18, 1921 – December 8, 2016) was a United States Marine Corps aviator, engineer, astronaut, businessman, and politician. He was the first American to orbit the Earth, circling it three times in 1962. Following his retirement from NASA, he served from 1974 to 1999 as a Democratic United States Senator from Ohio.

Before joining NASA, Glenn was a distinguished fighter pilot in World War II, China and Korea. He shot down three MiG-15s, and was awarded six Distinguished Flying Crosses and eighteen Air Medals. In 1957, he made the first supersonic transcontinental flight across the United States. His on-board camera took the first continuous, panoramic photograph of the United States.

He was one of the Mercury Seven, military test pilots selected in 1959 by NASA as the nation's first astronauts. On February 20, 1962, Glenn flew the Friendship 7 mission, becoming the first American to orbit the Earth, and the fifth person and third American in space. He received the NASA Distinguished Service Medal in 1962 and the Congressional Space Medal of Honor in 1978, was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame in 1990, and was the last surviving member of the Mercury Seven.

Glenn resigned from NASA in January 1964. He planned to run for a U.S. Senate seat from Ohio, but an injury in February 1964 forced his withdrawal. He retired from the Marine Corps the following year. He lost a close primary election in 1970. A member of the Democratic Party, Glenn first won election to the Senate in 1974 and served for 24 years until January 1999. In 1998, while still a sitting Senator, Glenn flew on the Discovery space shuttle's STS-95 mission, and became the oldest person to fly in space and the only person to fly in both the Mercury and Space Shuttle programs. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2012. At the time of his death in 2016, he was, at age 95, the oldest living former U.S. Senator.

Early life and education

John Herschel Glenn Jr. was born on July 18, 1921, in Cambridge, Ohio, the son of John Herschel Glenn Sr., who worked for a plumbing firm, and Clara Teresa née Sproat, a teacher.[5][6][7] His parents had married shortly before his father, a member of the American Expeditionary Force, left for the Western Front during World War I. The family moved to New Concord, Ohio, soon after his birth, and his father started his own business, the Glenn Plumbing Company.[8][9] Glenn Jr. was only a toddler when he met Anna Margaret (Annie) Castor, who would later become his wife. The two would not be able to recall a time when they did not know each other.[8] He first flew in an airplane with his father when he was eight years old. He became fascinated by flight, and built model airplanes from balsa wood kits.[10] Along with his adopted sister Jean,[8] he attended New Concord Elementary School.[11] He washed cars and sold rhubarb to earn money to buy a bicycle, after which he took a job delivering The Columbus Dispatch newspaper.[12] He was a member of the Ohio Rangers, an organization similar to the Cub Scouts.[13] His boyhood home in New Concord has been restored as a historic house museum and education center.[14]

Glenn attended New Concord High School, where he played on the varsity football team as a center and linebacker. He also made the varsity basketball and tennis teams, and was involved with Hi-Y, a junior branch of the YMCA.[15] After graduating in 1939, Glenn entered Muskingum College, where he studied chemistry,[16][17] was a member of the Stag Club fraternity,[18] and played on the football team.[19] Annie majored in music with minors in secretarial studies and physical education while competing on the swimming and volleyball teams.[19] Glenn earned a private pilot license and a physics course credit for free through the Civilian Pilot Training Program in 1941.[20] He did not complete his senior year in residence or take a proficiency exam, both required by the school for its Bachelor of Science degree.[21][a]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: John Glenn
العربية: جون غلين
asturianu: John Glenn
azərbaycanca: Con Qlenn
беларуская: Джон Глен
български: Джон Глен
bosanski: John Glenn
català: John Glenn
čeština: John Glenn
Cymraeg: John Glenn
dansk: John Glenn
Deutsch: John Glenn
eesti: John Glenn
Ελληνικά: Τζον Γκλεν
español: John Glenn
Esperanto: John Glenn
euskara: John Glenn
فارسی: جان گلن
français: John Glenn
Gaeilge: John Glenn
Gàidhlig: John Glenn
galego: John Glenn
한국어: 존 글렌
հայերեն: Ջոն Գլեն
hrvatski: John Glenn
Bahasa Indonesia: John Herschel Glenn
íslenska: John Glenn
italiano: John Glenn
עברית: ג'ון גלן
қазақша: Джон Гленн
latviešu: Džons Glenns
Lëtzebuergesch: John Glenn
magyar: John Glenn
македонски: Џон Глен
Malagasy: John Glenn
मराठी: जॉन ग्लेन
Bahasa Melayu: John Glenn
Nederlands: John Glenn
norsk: John Glenn
norsk nynorsk: John Glenn
occitan: John Glenn
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜਾਹਨ ਗਲਿਨ
Plattdüütsch: John Herschel Glenn
polski: John Glenn
português: John Glenn
română: John Glenn
русский: Гленн, Джон
Scots: John Glenn
Simple English: John Glenn
slovenčina: John Glenn
slovenščina: John Glenn
српски / srpski: Џон Глен
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: John Glenn
suomi: John Glenn
svenska: John Glenn
Tagalog: John Glenn
Türkçe: John Glenn
українська: Джон Гленн
Tiếng Việt: John Glenn
Winaray: John Glenn