Johannesburg

Johannesburg
City of Johannesburg
Clockwise, from top: Johannesburg Art Gallery, the Hillbrow skyline at night, Nelson Mandela Square in Sandton, Johannesburg CBD looking east over the M1 Freeway, the University of the Witwatersrand's East Campus, and Montecasino in Fourways.
Clockwise, from top: Johannesburg Art Gallery, the Hillbrow skyline at night, Nelson Mandela Square in Sandton, Johannesburg CBD looking east over the M1 Freeway, the University of the Witwatersrand's East Campus, and Montecasino in Fourways.
Flag of Johannesburg
Flag
Coat of arms of Johannesburg
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Jo'burg; Jozi; Mudi Mulila Ngoma (Venda version), Joni (Tsonga version); Egoli (Place of Gold);[1] Gauteng (Place of Gold)
Motto(s): "Unity in development"[2]
Johannesburg is located in Gauteng
Johannesburg
Johannesburg
 Johannesburg shown within Gauteng
Location within Greater Johannesburg
Johannesburg is located in Greater Johannesburg
Johannesburg
Johannesburg
Johannesburg is located in South Africa
Johannesburg
Johannesburg
Johannesburg (South Africa)
Johannesburg is located in Africa
Johannesburg
Johannesburg
Johannesburg (Africa)
Coordinates: 26°12′16″S 28°2′44″E / 26°12′16″S 28°2′44″E / -26.20444; 28.04556

Johannesburg (ɡ/; Afrikaans: [jʊəˈɦanəsbœrχ]; also known as Jozi, Joburg, and eGoli)[1] is the largest city in South Africa and one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.[9] It is the provincial capital and largest city of Gauteng, which is the wealthiest province in South Africa.[10] While Johannesburg is not one of South Africa's three capital cities, it is the seat of the Constitutional Court. The city is located in the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills and is the centre of large-scale gold and diamond trade.[citation needed]

The metropolis is an alpha global city as listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. In 2011, the population of the city of Johannesburg was 4,434,827, making it the most populous city in South Africa.[11] In the same year, the population of Johannesburg's urban agglomeration was put at 7,860,781.[5] The land area of the municipal city (1,645 km2 (635 sq mi)) is large in comparison with those of other major cities, resulting in a moderate population density of 2,364/km2 (6,120/sq mi).

The city was established in 1886 following the discovery of gold on what had been a farm. The city is commonly interpreted as the modern day El Dorado[by whom?] due to the extremely large gold deposit found along the Witwatersrand.[12] The name is attributed to one or all of three men involved in the establishment of the city. In ten years, the population grew to 100,000 inhabitants.

A separate city from the late 1970s until 1994, Soweto is now part of Johannesburg. Originally an acronym for "South-Western Townships", Soweto originated as a collection of settlements on the outskirts of Johannesburg, populated mostly by native African workers from the gold mining industry. Soweto, although eventually incorporated into Johannesburg, had been separated as a residential area for Blacks, who were not permitted to live in Johannesburg proper. Lenasia is predominantly populated by English-speaking South Africans of Indian descent. These areas were designated as non-white areas in accordance with the segregationist policies of the South African government known as Apartheid.[citation needed]

Etymology

Controversy surrounds the origin of the name. There was quite a number of people with the name "Johannes" who were involved in the early history of the city. Among them are the principal clerk attached to the office of the surveyor-general Hendrik Dercksen, Christiaan Johannes Joubert, who was a member of the Volksraad and was Republic's chief of mining. Another was Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger (better known as Paul Kruger), president of the South African Republic (ZAR) from 1883 - 1900. Johannes Meyer, the first government official in the area is another possibility.

Precise records for the choice of name were lost. Johannes Rissik and Johannes Joubert were members of a delegation sent to England to attain mining rights for the area. Joubert had a park in the city named after him and Rissik has his name for one of the main streets in the city where the historically important albeit dilapidated Rissik Street Post Office is located.[13][14] The City Hall is also located on Rissik Street.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Johannesburg
አማርኛ: ጆሃንስበርግ
العربية: جوهانسبرغ
asturianu: Johannesburgu
azərbaycanca: Yohannesburq
Bân-lâm-gú: Johannesburg
беларуская: Яганэсбург
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Яганэсбург
български: Йоханесбург
bosanski: Johannesburg
brezhoneg: Johannesburg
català: Johannesburg
Чӑвашла: Йоханнесбург
čeština: Johannesburg
Chi-Chewa: Johannesburg
chiShona: Johannesburg
Cymraeg: Johannesburg
Deitsch: Johannesburg
Deutsch: Johannesburg
español: Johannesburgo
Esperanto: Johanesburgo
euskara: Johannesburgo
Fiji Hindi: Johannesburg
føroyskt: Johannesburg
français: Johannesbourg
Gaeilge: Johannesburg
Gàidhlig: Johannesburg
galego: Xohanesburgo
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Johannesburg
hrvatski: Johannesburg
Bahasa Indonesia: Johannesburg
Interlingue: Johannesburg
isiXhosa: EGoli
isiZulu: IGoli
íslenska: Jóhannesarborg
italiano: Johannesburg
עברית: יוהנסבורג
Basa Jawa: Johannesburg
Kabɩyɛ: Yowanɛsɩbuuri
Kapampangan: Johannesburg
қазақша: Йоханнесбург
Kiswahili: Johannesburg
Кыргызча: Йоханнесбург
latviešu: Johannesburga
Lëtzebuergesch: Johannesbuerg
lietuvių: Johanesburgas
lingála: Johannesburg
magyar: Johannesburg
македонски: Јоханесбург
Malagasy: Johannesburg
مازِرونی: ژوهانسبورگ
Bahasa Melayu: Johannesburg
Nederlands: Johannesburg
नेपाल भाषा: जोहन्नेस्बर्ग
нохчийн: Йоханнесбург
norsk nynorsk: Johannesburg
Novial: Johannesburg
occitan: Johannesburg
олык марий: Йоханнесбург
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yoxannesburg
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜੋਹਾਨਿਸਬਰਗ
پنجابی: یوہانس برگ
polski: Johannesburg
português: Joanesburgo
română: Johannesburg
русский: Йоханнесбург
саха тыла: Йоханнесбург
Sesotho sa Leboa: Johannesburg
Setswana: Johannesburg
sicilianu: Johannesburg
Simple English: Johannesburg
SiSwati: IJohannesburg
slovenčina: Johannesburg
slovenščina: Johannesburg
ślůnski: Johannesburg
Soomaaliga: Johannesburg
српски / srpski: Јоханезбург
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Johannesburg
svenska: Johannesburg
Tagalog: Johannesburg
татарча/tatarça: Yohannesburg
Tshivenda: Johannesburg
Türkçe: Johannesburg
українська: Йоганнесбург
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Yohannésburg
vepsän kel’: Johannesburg
Tiếng Việt: Johannesburg
Volapük: Johannesburg
Winaray: Johannesburg
Xitsonga: Joni
Yorùbá: Johannesburg