Joan Rivers

Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers 2010 - David Shankbone.jpg
Rivers in 2010
Born Joan Alexandra Molinsky
(1933-06-08)June 8, 1933
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
Died September 4, 2014(2014-09-04) (aged 81)
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
Cause of death Cerebral hypoxia
Resting place Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills)
Alma mater Barnard College ( B.A., 1954)
Occupation Stand-up comedian, actress, writer, producer, television host
Years active 1959–2014
Spouse(s) James Sanger
(m. 1955; annulled 1955)

Edgar Rosenberg
(m. 1965; d. 1987)
Children Melissa Rivers
Parent(s) Meyer C. Molinsky
Beatrice Molinsky
Comedy career
Medium Stand-up, film, television, theatre, literature
Genres Observational comedy, insult comedy, shock comedy, black comedy, blue comedy, improvisational comedy

Joan Alexandra Molinsky [9] (June 8, 1933 – September 4, 2014), professional name Joan Rivers, was an American stand-up comedian, actress, writer, producer, and television host. She was noted for her often controversial comedic persona—heavily self-deprecating or sharply acerbic, especially toward celebrities and politicians.

Rivers gained prominence in 1965 as a guest on The Tonight Show. Hosted by her mentor, Johnny Carson, the show established Rivers' comedic style. In 1986, with her own rival program, The Late Show with Joan Rivers, Rivers became the first woman to host a late night network television talk show. She subsequently hosted The Joan Rivers Show (1989–1993), winning a Daytime Emmy for Outstanding Talk Show Host. Having become widely known for her comedic red carpet awards show celebrity interviews, [10] [11] She was the 2009 Celebrity Apprentice Winner. Rivers co-hosted the E! celebrity fashion show Fashion Police from 2010 to 2014 and starred in reality series Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best? (2011–2014) with daughter Melissa Rivers. She was the subject of the documentary Joan Rivers: A Piece of Work (2010).

In addition to marketing a line of jewelry and apparel on the QVC shopping channel, Rivers authored 12 best-selling books and released numerous comedy albums. She was nominated in 1984 for a Grammy Award for her album What Becomes a Semi-Legend Most?; and was nominated in 1994 for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for her performance of the title role in Sally Marr...and Her Escorts. In 2015, Rivers posthumously received a Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for her book, Diary of a Mad Diva. [12]

In 1968, The New York Times television critic Jack Gould called Rivers "quite possibly the most intuitively funny woman alive". [13] [14] In 2017, Rolling Stone magazine ranked her sixth on its list of the 50 best stand-up comics of all time. [15] She was inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame in Oct 2017

Early life

Rivers was born Joan Alexandra Molinsky on June 8, 1933, in Brooklyn, New York, [16] [17] [18] the daughter of Russian Jewish immigrants Beatrice (née Grushman; January 6, 1906 – October 1975) and Dr. Meyer C. Molinsky (December 7, 1900 – January 1985), [18] who graduated from Long Island College of Medicine. Her elder sister, Barbara Waxler, died on June 3, 2013 at the age of 82. [19] [20] [21] Rivers spent her early life in Prospect Heights [22] and Crown Heights [23] in Brooklyn, where she attended the progressive and now-defunct Brooklyn Ethical Culture School and Adelphi Academy of Brooklyn, a college preparatory day school, where she was co-chairman of her school, due to her past experiences in theatrical activities. Within 2 years, she performed in the School Cavalcades, and in 1949, aged 16, she was vice president of the Dramatic Club. [24] She graduated from the Adelphi Academy of Brooklyn, in 1950, at almost 17. In her adolescence, Rivers relocated with her family to Larchmont, north of New York City. [18] Rivers stated in interviews that she was overweight throughout her childhood and adolescence, and that it had a profound impact on her body image, which she would struggle with throughout her life. [25]

She attended Connecticut College between 1950 and 1952, and graduated from Barnard College in 1954 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English literature and anthropology; she was a member of Phi Beta Kappa. [17] [18] Before entering show business, Rivers worked at various jobs such as a tour guide at Rockefeller Center, [26] a writer/proofreader at an advertising agency [27] and a fashion consultant at Bond Clothing Stores. [18] [28] During this period, agent Tony Rivers advised her to change her name, so she chose Joan Rivers as her stage name. [29]

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تۆرکجه: جون ریورز
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فارسی: جون ریورز
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한국어: 조앤 리버스
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