The word jihad appears frequently in the
Jihad is classified into inner ("greater") jihad, which involves a struggle against one's own base impulses, and external ("lesser") jihad, which is further subdivided into jihad of the pen/tongue (debate or persuasion) and jihad of the sword.
 Most Western writers consider external jihad to have primacy over inner jihad in the Islamic tradition, while much of contemporary Muslim opinion favors the opposite view.
Jihad is sometimes referred to as the sixth
According to Ahmed al-Dawoody, seventeen derivatives of jihād occur altogether forty-one times in eleven
The context of the Quran is elucidated by
Among reported saying of the Islamic prophet Muhammad involving jihad are
The best Jihad is the word of Justice in front of the oppressive sultan.
The Messenger of Allah was asked about the best jihad. He said: "The best jihad is the one in which your horse is slain and your blood is spilled."
Ibn Nuhaas also cited a
According to another hadith,
 supporting one’s parents is also an example of jihad.
 It has also been reported that Muhammad considered well-performing