Jerusalem artichoke

Jerusalem artichoke
Sunroot top.jpg
Stem with flowers
Several knobby elongated light brown tubers in pot with water
Jerusalem artichokes
Scientific classification edit
H. tuberosus
Binomial name
Helianthus tuberosus
  • Helianthus esculentus Warsz.
  • Helianthus serotinus Tausch
  • Helianthus tomentosus Michx.
  • Helianthus tuberosus var. subcanescens A.Gray

The Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus), also called sunroot, sunchoke, or earth apple, is a species of sunflower native to eastern North America, and found from eastern Canada and Maine west to North Dakota, and south to northern Florida and Texas.[2] It is also cultivated widely across the temperate zone for its tuber, which is used as a root vegetable.[3]


Helianthus tuberosus is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1.5–3 m (4 ft 11 in–9 ft 10 in) tall with opposite leaves on the upper part of the stem but alternate below.[4] The leaves have a rough, hairy texture. Larger leaves on the lower stem are broad ovoid-acute and can be up to 30 cm (12 in) long. Leaves higher on the stem are smaller and narrower.[5]

The flowers are yellow and produced in capitate flowerheads, which are 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) in diameter, with 10–20 ray florets and 60 or more small disc florets.[5]

The tubers are often elongated and uneven, typically 7.5–10 cm (3.0–3.9 in) long and 3–5 cm (1.2–2.0 in) thick, and vaguely resembling a ginger root in appearance, with a crisp and crunchy texture when raw. They vary in colour from pale brown to white, red, or purple.[3][6]

Other Languages
تۆرکجه: شلقم
беларуская: Тапінамбур
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тапінамбур
català: Nyàmera
Чӑвашла: Топинамбур
dansk: Jordskok
Deutsch: Topinambur
dolnoserbski: Topinambur
eesti: Maapirn
Esperanto: Terpiro
euskara: Topinanbu
français: Topinambour
한국어: 뚱딴지
հայերեն: Գետնախնձոր
hornjoserbsce: Topinambur
hrvatski: Čičoka
íslenska: Ætifífill
ქართული: მიწავაშლა
қазақша: Жер алмұрты
kurdî: Sêvarxin
latviešu: Topinambūrs
македонски: Чичока
Nederlands: Aardpeer
日本語: キクイモ
norsk: Jordskokk
norsk nynorsk: Jordskokk
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Topinambur
română: Topinambur
русский: Топинамбур
Simple English: Jerusalem artichoke
slovenščina: Topinambur
српски / srpski: Čičoka
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Čičoka
Türkçe: Yerelması
тыва дыл: Топинамбур
українська: Топінамбур
vèneto: Topinanbur
Tiếng Việt: Cúc vu
粵語: 菊芋
中文: 洋姜