Jef Raskin

Jef Raskin
Jef Raskin holding Canon Cat model.png
Jef Raskin holding a model of the Canon Cat.
Born(1943-03-09)March 9, 1943
DiedFebruary 26, 2005(2005-02-26) (aged 61)
Known forhuman–computer interface expert
Spouse(s)Linda S. Blum (m. 1982; 3 children)

Jef Raskin (born Jeff Raskin; March 9, 1943 – February 26, 2005) was an American human–computer interface expert best known for conceiving and starting the Macintosh project at Apple in the late 1970s.

Early life and education

Jef Raskin was born in New York City to a secular Jewish family,[1] whose surname is a matronymic from "Raske", Yiddish nickname for Rachel. He received a BA in mathematics and a BS in physics with minors in philosophy and music from the State University of New York at Stony Brook.[2] In 1967, he received a master's degree in computer science from Pennsylvania State University, after having switched from mathematical logic due to differences of opinion with his advisor. Even though he had completed work for his PhD, the university was not accredited for a PhD in computer science.[2] The first original computer application he wrote was a music application as part of his master's thesis.

Raskin later enrolled in a graduate music program at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), but stopped to teach art, photography, and computer science there. He worked as an assistant professor in the Visual Arts department from 1968 until 1974. He was awarded a National Science Foundation grant to establish a Computer and Humanities center which used a 16-bit Data General Nova computer and graphic display terminals rather than the teletypes which were in use at that time.

Along with his undergraduate student Jonathan (Jon) Collins, Raskin developed the Flow Programming Language for use in teaching programming to the art and humanities students. The language was first used at the Humanities Summer Training Institute held in 1970 at the University of Kansas in Lawrence, Kansas. The language has only 6 instructions (get it, print it, print "text", jump to, if it is ' ' then, and stop) and can not manipulate numbers. The language utilizes "typing amplification" in which only the first letter is typed and the computer provides the balance of the instruction eliminating typing errors. It was also the basis for programming classes taught by Raskin and Collins in the UCSD Visual Arts Department.

Raskin curated several art shows including one featuring his collection of unusual toys. It was during this period that he changed the spelling of his name from "Jeff" to "Jef" after having met Jon Collins and liking the lack of extraneous letters.

Raskin occasionally wrote for computer publications, such as Dr. Dobb's Journal. He formed a company named Bannister and Crun, which was named for two characters playing in the BBC radio comedy The Goon Show.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: جف راسكين
čeština: Jef Raskin
Deutsch: Jef Raskin
español: Jef Raskin
فارسی: جف راسکین
français: Jef Raskin
Bahasa Indonesia: Jef Raskin
italiano: Jef Raskin
עברית: ג'ף רסקין
Nederlands: Jef Raskin
norsk: Jef Raskin
norsk nynorsk: Jef Raskin
polski: Jef Raskin
português: Jef Raskin
русский: Раскин, Джеф
slovenčina: Jef Raskin
suomi: Jef Raskin
svenska: Jef Raskin
українська: Раскін Джеф