Jean Arp

Jean Arp
Jean Arp, 391, No. 8, Zurich, February 1919.jpg
Jean Arp, reproduced in 391, No. 8, Zurich, February 1919
Born(1886-09-16)16 September 1886
Strasbourg, German Empire
Died7 June 1966(1966-06-07) (aged 79)
Basel, Switzerland
EducationAcadémie Julian
Known forSculpture, painting
MovementAbstraction-Création, Surrealism, Dada
Spouse(s)Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Marguerite Arp-Hagenbach

Jean Arp or Hans Arp (16 September 1886 – 7 June 1966) was a German-French sculptor, painter, poet, and abstract artist in other media such as torn and pasted paper.

Early life

Arp was born in Strasbourg, the son of a French mother and a German father, during the period following the Franco-Prussian War when the area was known as Alsace-Lorraine (Elsass-Lothringen in German) after France had ceded it to Germany in 1871. Following the return of Alsace to France at the end of World War I, French law determined that his name become Jean. Arp would continue referring to himself as "Hans" when he spoke German.[1]

In 1904, after leaving the École des Arts et Métiers in Strasbourg, he went to Paris where he published his poetry for the first time. From 1905 to 1907, Arp studied at the Kunstschule in Weimar, Germany, and in 1908 went back to Paris, where he attended the Académie Julian. Arp was a founder-member of the Moderne Bund in Lucerne, participating in their exhibitions from 1911 to 1913.[2]

In 1912, he went to Munich, called on Wassily Kandinsky, the influential Russian painter and art theorist, was encouraged by him in his researches and exhibited with the Der Blaue Reiter group.[3] Later that year, he took part in a major exhibition in Zürich, along with Henri Matisse, Robert Delaunay and Kandinsky.[3] In Berlin in 1913, he was taken up by Herwarth Walden, the dealer and magazine editor who was at that time one of the most powerful figures in the European avant-garde.[3]

In 1915, he moved to Switzerland to take advantage of Swiss neutrality. Arp later told the story of how, when he was notified to report to the German consulate, he avoided being drafted into the German Army: he took the paperwork he had been given and, in the first blank, wrote the date. He then wrote the date in every other space as well, then drew a line beneath them and carefully added them up. He then took off all his clothes and went to hand in his paperwork.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Hans Arp
العربية: جان آرب
беларуская: Ханс Арп
български: Жан Арп
bosanski: Jean Arp
brezhoneg: Jean Arp
català: Jean Arp
čeština: Hans Arp
Deutsch: Hans Arp
eesti: Hans Arp
Ελληνικά: Ζαν Αρπ
español: Jean Arp
Esperanto: Jean Arp
فارسی: ژان آرپ
français: Jean Arp
galego: Hans Arp
한국어: 장 아르프
Հայերեն: Ժան Արպ
hrvatski: Jean Arp
Bahasa Indonesia: Jean Arp
italiano: Hans Arp
עברית: ז'אן ארפ
latviešu: Hanss Arps
Lëtzebuergesch: Hans Arp
lietuvių: Hans Arp
magyar: Hans Arp
Nederlands: Jean Arp
norsk: Jean Arp
norsk nynorsk: Jean Arp
polski: Hans Arp
português: Hans Arp
română: Hans (Jean) Arp
русский: Арп, Жан
slovenčina: Hans Arp
српски / srpski: Hans Arp
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jean Arp
suomi: Hans Arp
svenska: Jean Arp
тоҷикӣ: Жан Арп
Türkçe: Jean Arp
українська: Ганс Арп