Javier Solana

Javier Solana

Javier Solana 1999.jpg
High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy
In office
18 October 1999 – 1 December 2009
Preceded byJürgen Trumpf
Succeeded byCatherine Ashton
Secretary General of the Council of the European Union
In office
18 October 1999 – 1 December 2009
Preceded byJürgen Trumpf
Succeeded byPierre de Boissieu
Secretary General of the Western European Union
In office
20 November 1999 – 1 December 2009
Preceded byJosé Cutileiro
Succeeded byArnaud Jacomet
9th Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
In office
5 December 1995 – 6 October 1999
Preceded bySergio Balanzino (Acting)
Succeeded byGeorge Robertson
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
16 June 1992 – 18 December 1995
Prime MinisterFelipe González
Preceded byFrancisco Fernández Ordóñez
Succeeded byCarlos Westendorp
Personal details
Francisco Javier Solana de Madariaga

(1942-07-14) 14 July 1942 (age 76)
Madrid, Spain
Political partySpanish Socialist Workers' Party
Spouse(s)María de la Concepción Giménez Díaz-Oyuelos
Alma materComplutense University
University of Virginia

Francisco Javier Solana de Madariaga, KOGF, KCMG (Spanish: [fɾanˈθisko xaˈβjeɾ soˈlana ðe maðaˈɾjaɣa]; born 14 July 1942), is a Spanish physicist and Socialist politician. After serving in the Spanish government as Foreign Affairs Minister under Felipe González (1992–1995) and as the Secretary General of NATO (1995–1999), he was appointed the European Union's High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, Secretary General of the Council of the European Union and Secretary-General of the Western European Union and held these posts from October 1999 until December 2009.

Background and career as a physicist

Solana was born in Madrid, Spain. He comes from a well-known Spanish family, being the grand nephew of Salvador de Madariaga[1] (Javier's grandfather, Rogelio de Madariaga and Salvador de Madariaga were cousins). His father was a chemistry professor, Luis Solana San Martín, who died when Javier was nineteen. His mother, Obdulia de Madariaga Pérez, died in 2005.[2][3][4][5][6] Javier is the third of five children.[2] His older brother Luis was once imprisoned for his political activities opposing the dictatorship of Francisco Franco, subsequently became a distinguished leader in the Spanish telecommunications industry[7] and was one of the first socialist members of the Trilateral Commission.[8]

Solana studied at the Nuestra Señora del Pilar School, an exclusive Catholic Marianist secondary school, before going to Complutense University (UCM). There as a student in 1963 he suffered sanctions imposed by the authorities for having organised an opposition forum at the so-called Week of University Renovation. In 1964 he clandestinely joined the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), which had been illegal under Franco since the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939. In the same year he graduated and then spent a year furthering his studies at Spain's Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) and in the United Kingdom.

In 1965 he went to the United States, where he spent six years studying at various universities on a Fulbright Scholarship.[9] He visited the University of Chicago and the University of California, San Diego, and then enrolled in the Graduate School of Arts & Sciences of the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. There, he taught physics classes as a teaching assistant and carried on independent research; he also joined in the protests against the Vietnam War and was president of the Association of Foreign Students. He received his doctorate in physics from Virginia in 1971 with a thesis on Theory of the Elementary Excitation Spectrum of Superfluid Helium: the Roton Lifetime, extending his planned stay in the US by a year in order to continue his research. Returning to Spain he became a lecturer in solid-state physics at the Autonomous University of Madrid, UAM, and then in 1975 he became a professor at Complutense University. During these years he published more than 30 articles. For a time he worked as assistant to Nicolás Cabrera, whom he had met when Cabrera was professor at the University of Virginia. The last PhD dissertations that he directed were in the early 1990s.

Other Languages
беларуская: Хаўер Салана
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Хавіер Саляна
български: Хавиер Солана
čeština: Javier Solana
Deutsch: Javier Solana
español: Javier Solana
Esperanto: Javier Solana
euskara: Javier Solana
français: Javier Solana
hrvatski: Javier Solana
italiano: Javier Solana
Lëtzebuergesch: Javier Solana
lietuvių: Javier Solana
македонски: Хавиер Солана
Mirandés: Javier Solana
Nederlands: Javier Solana
português: Javier Solana
română: Javier Solana
Simple English: Javier Solana
slovenčina: Javier Solana
slovenščina: Javier Solana
српски / srpski: Хавијер Солана
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Javier Solana
svenska: Javier Solana
Türkçe: Javier Solana
українська: Хав'єр Солана