Java War

Java War
Nicolaas Pieneman - The Submission of Prince Dipo Negoro to General De Kock.jpg
The Submission of Prince Dipo Negoro to General De Kock, by Nicolaas Pieneman
Date 1825-30
Location Java
Result
Belligerents
Commanders and leaders
Hendrik Merkus de Kock Diponegoro  (POW)
Strength
50,000[ citation needed] 100,000[ citation needed]
Casualties and losses
15,000 dead (including 7,000 European soldiers) [2] 20,000 dead in combat [3]
200,000 total Javanese dead (including tens of thousands of civilians) [2] [4] [5] [6]

The Java War or Diponegoro War was fought in central Java from 1825 to 1830, between the colonial Dutch Empire and native Javanese rebels. It started as a rebellion led by Prince Diponegoro, a leading member of the Javanese aristocracy who had previously cooperated with the Dutch.

The rebel forces were held up by a siege at Yogyakarta, preventing them from gaining a quick victory. This allowed the Dutch to raise and ship in new troops. The rebels adopted guerilla tactics and held out against Dutch forces for several years.

The war ended in Dutch victory when Diponegoro was invited to a peace conference, then betrayed and captured. Prompted by the cost of the war, the Dutch colonial authorities implemented major reforms throughout the Dutch East Indies to ensure the colonies were profitable.

The cause

The proximate cause was the Dutch decision to build a road across a piece of Diponegoro's property that contained his parents' tomb. Amongst other causes was a sense of resentment felt by members of the Javanese aristocratic families at Dutch measures intended to restrict the renting out of land at high prices. Finally the succession of the throne in Yogyakarta was disputed: Diponegoro was the oldest son of Hamengkubuwono III, but as his mother was not the queen he was not considered to have the right to succeed his father. Diponegoro's rival to the throne, his younger half brother, Hamengkubuwono IV, and then his infant nephew Hamengkubuwono V, was supported by the Dutch.

Being a devout Muslim, Diponegoro was alarmed by the relaxing of religious observance at Yogyakarta court, the rising influences of the infidel Dutch in the court, as well as by the court's pro-Dutch policy. Among Diponegoro's followers, the war has been described as a jihad "both against the Dutch and the murtad or apostate Javanese." [7]

Other Languages
العربية: حرب جاوة
azərbaycanca: Yava müharibəsi
français: Guerre de Java
Bahasa Indonesia: Perang Diponegoro
italiano: Guerra di Giava
Bahasa Melayu: Perang Jawa
Nederlands: Java-oorlog
日本語: ジャワ戦争
português: Guerra de Java
svenska: Javakriget
українська: Явайська війна