|Jaume Aiguader i Miró|
|Preceded by||Joan Antoni Güell i López|
|Succeeded by||Carles Pi i Sunyer|
17 May 1937 – 16 August 1938
|Succeeded by||Jose Moix Regás|
|Died||30 May 1943 (aged 60)|
|Occupation||Doctor, writer, politician|
Jaume Aiguader i Miró[a] (or Jaime Aguadé Miró, 24 July 1882 – 30 May 1943) was a Spanish doctor, writer, social activist, politician and Catalan nationalist. He was one of the founders of the
Jaume Aiguader i Miró was born in
In 1912 Aiguader published a book on Social Aspects of Social Infections in Marriage. That year he married Carme Cortés i Lladó, from a family of doctors. They would have four children: Jaume Anton, Carme, Núria and Cristian. Aiguader lived in Reus from 1912 to 1914. He moved to Barcelona and continued to practice medicine. In 1919 he was one of the founders of the Catalonia doctor's union. In 1921 he gained a position on the Municipal Medical Corps of Barcelona. From 1921 to 1925 he chaired the Ateneu Enciclopèdic Popular, a cultural organization.
Aiguader held left-wing and Catalan nationalist political views.
In 1923 he joined the Unió Socialista de Catalunya (USC,
As a leader of the Estat Català a l'interior Aiguader travelled to
Aiguader joined Macià and other leaders in proclaiming the
At the second Esquerra party congress in June 1933, after the end of the dictatorship, Aiguader represented the Federation of Tarragona. In June 1933 he and other members of the Esquerra resigned and were restored to their positions by the new government. He held office until 31 July 1934. He was elected to represent Barcelona in the national government in the general elections of 19 November 1933. After the disturbances of 6 October 1934[b] he was arrested, as were other members of the government, and imprisoned on the ship Argentina, anchored in the port of Barcelona. His journal Pamflet was suspended. Despite being a deputy, he was held until May 1935, when he was released on parole. He resumed publication of Pamflet in February 1936.
Aiguader was again elected to represent Barcelona in the national parliament in the general election of 16 February 1936.
After the fall of Catalonia at the start of 1939 Aiguader went into exile in France.
He worked with organizations that assisted refugees in Paris.
While in Paris he contributed to El Poble Català and the Revista de Catalunya.
After the occupation of France in June 1940 by the German forces, he lived in concealment in various French cities until he was able to escape to Mexico in 1941.
In Mexico he continued to contribute to El Poble Català, edited the Revista de Catalunya, Pamflet and Butlletí del Sindicat de Metges de Catalunya, and contributed to other publications.
He wrote a biography of Miquel Servet, which was published in 1945, after his death.
Aiguader died in
Jaume's younger brother Artemi Aiguader also became a politician, and during the Civil War was interior minister of the Generalitat of Catalonia.