Jason

Jason and Medea - as depicted by John William Waterhouse, 1907.

Jason (ən/; Greek: Ἰάσων Iásōn [i.ǎː.sɔːn]) was an ancient Greek mythological hero who was the leader of the Argonauts whose quest for the Golden Fleece featured in Greek literature. He was the son of Aeson, the rightful king of Iolcos. He was married to the sorceress Medea. He was also the great-grandson of the messenger god Hermes, through his mother's side.

Jason appeared in various literary works in the classical world of Greece and Rome, including the epic poem Argonautica and the tragedy Medea. In the modern world, Jason has emerged as a character in various adaptations of his myths, such as the 1963 film Jason and the Argonauts and the 2000 TV miniseries of the same name.

Jason has connections outside the classical world, being the mythical founder of the city of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia.

Early years

Family

Jason's father is invariably Aeson, but there is great variation as to his mother's name. According to various authors, she could be:

Jason was also said to have had a younger brother Promachus[9] and a sister Hippolyte, who married Acastus[11] (see Astydameia).

Persecution by Pelias

Pelias, king of Iolcos, stops on the steps of a temple as he recognises young Jason by his missing sandal; Roman fresco from Pompeii, 1st century AD.

Pelias (Aeson's half-brother) was power-hungry and sought to gain dominion over all of Thessaly. Pelias was the progeny of a union between their shared mother, Tyro ("high born Tyro"), the daughter of Salmoneus, and the sea god Poseidon. In a bitter feud, he overthrew Aeson (the rightful king), killing all the descendants of Aeson that he could. He spared his half-brother for unknown reasons. Aeson's wife Alcimede I had a newborn son named Jason whom she saved from Pelias by having female attendants cluster around the infant and cry as if he were still-born. Fearing that Pelias would eventually notice and kill her son, Alcimede sent him away to be reared by the centaur Chiron,[12]; she claimed that she had been having an affair with him all along. Pelias, fearing that his ill-gotten kingship might be challenged, consulted an oracle, who warned him to beware of a man wearing only one sandal.

Many years later, Pelias was holding games in honor of Poseidon when the grown Jason arrived in Iolcus, having lost one of his sandals in the river Anauros ("wintry Anauros") while helping an old woman (actually the Goddess Hera in disguise) to cross[12]. She blessed him for she knew, as goddesses do, what Pelias had planned. When Jason entered Iolcus (present-day city of Volos), he was announced as a man wearing only one sandal. Jason, aware that he was the rightful king, so informed Pelias. Pelias replied, "To take my throne, which you shall, you must go on a quest to find the Golden Fleece." Jason readily accepted this condition.

Other Languages
العربية: جاسون
aragonés: Chasón
asturianu: Xasón
azərbaycanca: Yason
башҡортса: Ясон
беларуская: Ясон
български: Язон
brezhoneg: Iason
català: Jàson
čeština: Iásón
dansk: Jason
Deutsch: Iason
eesti: Iason
Ελληνικά: Ιάσονας
español: Jasón
Esperanto: Jazono
euskara: Jason
فارسی: یاسون
français: Jason
Gaeilge: Iasón
galego: Xasón
한국어: 이아손
Հայերեն: Յասոն
hrvatski: Jazon
Bahasa Indonesia: Iason
ქართული: იასონი
Latina: Iason
latviešu: Jāsons
Lëtzebuergesch: Iason
lietuvių: Jasonas
magyar: Iaszón
македонски: Јасон
Malagasy: Jason
മലയാളം: ജാസൺ
Nederlands: Jason (mythologie)
occitan: Jason
português: Jasão
română: Iason
русский: Ясон
Scots: Jason
Simple English: Jason
slovenčina: Iasón
slovenščina: Jazon
српски / srpski: Јасон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jazon
suomi: Iason
svenska: Jason
Tagalog: Jason
Türkçe: İason
українська: Ясон
اردو: جاسن
Tiếng Việt: Jason (thần thoại)
中文: 伊阿宋