Jamiroquai Automaton Performance 2017 (cropped).jpg
Jamiroquai performing at the O2 in London (2017)
Background information
OriginLondon, England
Years active1992–present
Associated acts
Past membersSee former members

Jamiroquai (/ (About this sound listen)) are a British jazz-funk band from London, formed in 1992.[3] Fronted by singer-songwriter Jay Kay, they débuted as an acid-jazz band and have since explored other musical directions such as pop, rock, disco and electronica, while their lyrics occasionally reference social and environmental idealism. They rose to international fame in the 1990s as one of the most prominent components in the London-based funk/acid jazz movement. The group are also best known for their music video of the 1996 single "Virtual Insanity".

Their first release under Acid Jazz records was "When You Gonna Learn", which landed them a record deal with Sony Soho2, a subsidiary with Sony Music. While they were under this label, the group released a string of million-selling albums, including singles that have reached various top 10 charts worldwide. Over the years, Jamiroquai has changed its line-up several times; with Derrick McKenzie (drums) and Sola Akingbola (percussion), who both joined in 1994, still in the official line-up.

The group currently holds two Guinness World Records, including fastest ever performance on an aeroplane. Their 1996 album Travelling Without Moving, also holds the record for best-selling funk album in history. Jamiroquai has thus sold more than 26 million albums worldwide. Front-man Kay won a BMI Presidents Award, and with the band, also won an Ivor Novello Award, as well as winning one Grammy Award, two MTV Video Music Awards, and receiving 13 Brit Award nominations during the course of their career.


1991–1992: Formation

The band's script and "Buffalo Man"[4] logo, designed by Kay[5]

Jason "Jay" Kay began writing songs to send to record companies. Among them was "When You Gonna Learn", a song written when he was 16 years old.[6] He first studio recorded the song in the Round House in Camden.[7] The producers of this session stripped it down and produced it based on mainstream trends. Kay disliked the results and had the track restored to his preference after a dispute.[7] He was then signed to Acid Jazz Records in 1991 after he sent a demo tape of him singing a song of the Brand New Heavies.[8][9] Afterwards, he gradually gathered band members, including his friend Wallis Buchanan who played the didgeridoo.[7] Kay was suggested by his manager to enlist keyboardist Toby Smith, but was not convinced by his initial playing style.[7] Smith met the group again after they performed as support act for the Brand New Heavies. He persuaded Kay to join as the group's co-songwriter and keyboardist. The first song Kay and Smith wrote together was "Too Young to Die".[7]

Being the front-man, Kay is occasionally referred to as the group name, because he is the only person under contract with a record company as the artist name of Jamiroquai.[10] It was widely talked about that the group's formation was a result of Kay's failed audition to become a singer of the Brand New Heavies, but these rumours were denied by them.[11]

1992–1999: International breakthrough

Jamiroquai performing at the Glastonbury festival in 1993

Jamiroquai had begun performing in the British club scene.[12] "When You Gonna Learn" became their first single in October 1992. It featured bassist Andrew Levy, who was from the Brand New Heavies.[13] Kay was originally given £2.5k (US$3.3k) for his first album, when he subsequently signed with Acid Jazz records; the single however, cost £35k ($46k) to produce due to Kay's control of the production.[8] With "When You Gonna Learn" being characterised as an ecologically charged track,[6] its accompanying video was banned by MTV for featuring clips of the Holocaust and animal experimentation.[6] The single entered the UK chart at number 52.[14] Following its success, the group were offered multiple major-label contracts and settled for a one million dollar, 8 album record deal with Sony Soho2.[3][15][16] Kay was the only member who signed under the contract, but would share his royalties with his band members in accordance to their contributions.[16] Stuart Zender had left school and subsequently became the group's bassist in 1993.[17] Emergency on Planet Earth, was released in the same year and was described by an AllMusic review as "[showing] quite a range of diversity, from the up-tempo jazzy instrumental 'Music of the Mind' to the stop-start funk of 'Whatever It Is, I Just Can't Stop.'"[18] It reached the UK albums chart at number 1,[19] and sold 1.2 million copies worldwide, according to a Billboard report in January 1994.[20] The album's second single, "Too Young to Die" entered the UK singles chart at number 10.[21]

Derrick McKenzie became the group's new drummer after the holiday of their original drummer Nick Van Gelder, took longer than expected.[22] Jamiroquai followed up with Return of the Space Cowboy in 1994, ranking at number 2 in the UK chart.[19] "Q Magazine stated that the album was "an ebullient follow-up to [their] storming debut."[23] A Rolling Stone review described the group "[parlaying] jazzy soul pop so tight, it crackles."[24] The instrumentation of Return of the Space Cowboy was what Josef Woodard from Entertainment Weekly thought was "played by humans, not samplers."[25] While recording the album, Kay feared of falling into the "second album syndrome".[22] He was in a creative block which was emphasised by his increasing drug use.[22][26] The group became popular in Europe and Japan with the album singles "Space Cowboy" and "Light Years".[27] In a 1996 report, the album sold 1.3 million copies worldwide.[28] The single "Space Cowboy" sold 114,000 copies and was the group's first number 1 in the US Dance Chart.[29][21] The single additionally contained remixes by David Morales, which further put the single in club circulation.[21][30] At the time, Jamiroquai were primarily known in the United States within its club scene.[27] "Stillness in Time" was another UK top-ten single, peaking at number 9.[14] The group co-wrote the track "Lost Souls" for Guru's 1995 album Jazzmatazz, Vol. 2: The New Reality.[31]

Released in 1996, Travelling Without Moving sold 1.4 million copies in the US and reached number 24 in the Billboard 200.[32][33] It sold 3 million copies in Europe,[34] and peaked at number 2 in the UK albums chart; selling 1.2 million copies.[19][21] A review from Q magazine stated that the album is "tighter and more compact in its production",[35] while critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine commented that despite having "more fully realised" fusions, it doesn't have "the uniform consistency of its predecessor."[36] "Virtual Insanity", the group's best known track that boosted in popularity with its music video; sold 356,000 copies and is streamed 4.5 million times as of 2014.[21] It was also number 1 in Italy and Iceland.[37][38] Another hit single titled "Cosmic Girl", sold 250,580 copies and peaked at number 6 in the UK and remained in the position for 12 weeks.[21][39] It was number 3 in the Italy chart, number 4 in the Iceland chart,[40] number 10 in Finland,[41] and number 2 in the Belgium Ultratip charts.[42] Cosmic Girl was followed by "Alright", which charted in the US Billboard Hot 100 at number 78 and is the group's only song to appear in that chart.[43] In support of the album, the group gave an international tour including the UK, Japan, Australia, Brazil and the US.[30] Prior to Travelling Without Moving, Jamiroquai contributed to the demo track, "Do You Know Where You're Coming From?" by British jungle-beat artist M-beat. Following a radio leak, Kay re-recorded the vocals of the song and was released as a single, as well as appearing on the album.[44] Jamiroquai played as an opening act for the Rolling Stones at a Las Vegas show in November 1997.[45]

The group were preparing their fourth album Synkronized (1999) in Kay's Chillington studio complex, built in his Buckinghamshire country house.[46] During its production, bassist Stuart Zender left Jamiroquai. He was replaced by Nick Fyffe for new bass tracks to avoid potential lawsuits.[16] The album "...redirects the band's British tendency toward smoothed-out old black jams..." according to Spin magazine.[47] It contained 1999's "Canned Heat", which was their second number 1 in the U.S. Dance Chart.[29] The song also appeared in the 2004 cult film Napoleon Dynamite.[48] The 1998 single titled, "Deeper Underground" was listed in the Godzilla soundtrack and was their first and only UK number 1, selling 339,100 copies.[21] Synkronized ranked number 1 in the UK albums chart and number 28 in the US Billboard 200. It sold 3 million copies in comparison to Travelling Without Moving, which 8 sold million copies.[49] Jamiroquai wrote the song "Everybody's Going to the Moon" for the 2000 film Titan A.E. and its soundtrack.[50]

2001–2011: Release from Sony Music

Jamiroquai performing at the Congress Theater in Chicago (2005)

The group issued their 2001 follow-up, A Funk Odyssey, which sold 1 million copies in Europe and was certified platinum.[51] In Australia, it was certified quadruple Platinum.[52] Both the album and its single "Little L" were in Top 100 charts worldwide.[53] Guitarist Rob Harris joined the group and contributed to the album's songwriting, such as "Corner of the Earth".[54] The band embarked on a world tour to promote the album, including locations in Europe, Hong Kong and Melbourne. They were accompanied by vocalist Beverley Knight,[55][56] who was featured in A Funk Odyssey with the tracks, "Love Foolosophy" and "Main Vein".[57][56] Co-songwriter and keyboardist Toby Smith left the band in 2002.[58]

The band's 2005 single, "Feels Just Like It Should", received a Grammy nomination for Best Short Form Music Video.[59] Their sixth album titled Dynamite, was later released and reached number 3 on the UK chart.[19] Since the release of the album, the group's line-up has consisted of Kay, Harris, drummer Derrick McKenzie, keyboardist Matt Johnson, Paul Turner on bass guitar, and percussionist Sola Akingbola.[60] Jamiroquai were featured in the re-release of "Hollywood Swinging" by Kool & the Gang which peaked at number 5 at the Billboard dance chart.[29]

In March 2006, Jamiroquai announced their switch to Columbia Records.[61] A greatest hits collection, High Times: Singles 1992–2006, was issued in November and marked the end of Kay's contract with Sony. It topped the UK album chart after its first week of release,[19] and is certified triple platinum by the BPI.[62] In Japan, it reached number 4 in the Oricon album charts.[63] In 2007, Jamiroquai performed in the Gig in the Sky, a concert held on a private Boeing 757 in association with Sony Ericsson.[64] The group thus currently holds the Guinness World Record for "fastest concert", performed on the aircraft whilst travelling at 1017 km/h (632 mph).[65] They formerly held the record for the "highest concert", which was then broken by the Black Eyed Peas performing in a Virgin Australia aircraft.[66] The group appeared in season one of Live from Abbey Road.[67]

Jamiroquai performing in Sofia, Bulgaria (2013)

Rock Dust Light Star was released in 2010 under Mercury Records. 30 songs were written and drafted during the album's two year production, costing £598k ($794k).[68][69] Matt Collar commented in an AllMusic review that the group were "heading back to [their] rock and organic soul roots."[70] It ranked number 7 in the UK, their lowest position in the country.[19] Jamiroquai uploaded a 2011 track called "Smile" for free download via their SoundCloud page.[71] That year also saw members Harris, Johnson, and Turner forming the sub-group Radio Silence, with their album Travelogue being released.[72] In 2013, the group's first three albums were reissued and remastered.[73]

2017–present: Automaton

In January 2017, Jamiroquai released an online short teaser video for their eighth and first studio album in seven years, Automaton, scheduled for a March release.[74][75] The trailer received more than 5 million views on YouTube and two shows that were scheduled in Paris and London sold out tickets in one minute.[76] In the following week, the album's eponymous single was issued,[77] followed up by "Cloud 9" in February.[78] Although not released as a single, "Shake it On" broke into the Official French Singles Chart, peaking at number 154.[79] In May, Kay seriously injured his spine. Requiring surgery, it led to cancellation of two shows in Tokyo for their Automaton Tour, which were rescheduled in September.[80]

In January 2018, Jamiroquai released a track titled, "Now We Are Alone" on their official YouTube page. They gave their first US performance in 13 years at the 2018 Coachella Music Festival and were accompanied by Snoop Dogg on stage.[81]

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