Jair Bolsonaro

Jair Bolsonaro
Jair Bolsonaro em 24 de abril de 2019 (1).jpg
38th President of Brazil
Assumed office
1 January 2019
Vice PresidentHamilton Mourão
Preceded byMichel Temer
President pro tempore of Mercosur
Assumed office
17 July 2019
Preceded byMauricio Macri
Federal Deputy for Rio de Janeiro
In office
1 February 1991 – 1 January 2019
Councillor of Rio de Janeiro
In office
1 January 1989 – 1 February 1991
Personal details
Jair Messias Bolsonaro

(1955-03-21) 21 March 1955 (age 64)
Glicério, São Paulo, Brazil
Political partyPSL (2018–present)[1]
Other political
  • PSC (2016–2018)
  • PP (2005–2016)
  • PFL (2005)
  • PTB (2003–2005)
  • PPB (1995–2003)
  • PPR (1993–1995)
  • PP (1993)
  • PDC (1988–1993)
ResidencePalácio da Alvorada
EducationAgulhas Negras Military Academy
SignatureOfficial website
Military service
Allegiance Brazil
Branch/serviceBrazil Brazilian Army
Years of service1973–1988
RankCapitão.png Captain
Commands21st Field Artillery Group
9th Field Artillery Group
8th Parachutist Field Artillery Group

Jair Messias Bolsonaro (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʒaˈiʁ meˈsi.ɐz bowsoˈnaɾu] or [ʒaˈiɾ]; born 21 March 1955) is a Brazilian politician and retired military officer, serving as the 38th President of Brazil since 1 January 2019. He served in the country's Chamber of Deputies, representing the state of Rio de Janeiro, between 1991 and 2018. He currently is a member of the conservative Social Liberal Party.

Bolsonaro was born in the small town of Glicério, in the northwest area of the state of São Paulo. He graduated from the Agulhas Negras Military Academy in 1977 and served in the Brazilian Army's field artillery and parachutist groups. He became known to the public in 1986, when he wrote an article for Veja magazine criticizing low wages for military officers, after which he was arrested and detained for fifteen days. One year later he was accused by the same magazine of planning to plant bombs in military units, which he denied. After a first degree conviction, he was acquitted by the Brazilian Supreme Military Court in 1988.[2]

He joined the reserve army in 1988 with the rank of Captain and ran for the Rio de Janeiro City Council that same year, being elected while a member of the Christian Democratic Party. Bolsonaro was elected in 1990 to the lower chamber of Congress and was subsequently re-elected six times. During his 27-year tenure as a congressman, he became known for his strong support of national conservatism. He is a vocal opponent of same-sex marriage and homosexuality,[3][4] abortion,[5] affirmative action,[6] drug liberalization[7] and secularism.[7] In foreign policy, he has advocated closer relations to the United States[8] and Israel.[9] During the 2018 presidential campaign, he started to advocate for economic liberal and pro-market policies.[10] A polarizing and controversial politician, his views and comments, which have been described as far-right and populist in nature, have drawn both praise and criticism in Brazil.[11][12][13][14]

Bolsonaro announced his pre-candidacy for president in March 2016 as a member of the Social Christian Party.[15] However, he left the party in 2018 and joined the Social Liberal Party, which launched his presidential campaign in August 2018 with retired general Hamilton Mourão as his running mate. He portrays himself as an outsider and a supporter of family values. He came in first place in the first round of the general election on 7 October 2018, with Workers' Party candidate Fernando Haddad coming in second place. The two candidates faced a run-off on 28 October 2018, and Bolsonaro was elected with 55.1% of the vote.

Early life

Bolsonaro was born on 21 March 1955 in the town of Glicério, in São Paulo,[16] in the southeast region of Brazil, to Percy Geraldo Bolsonaro and Olinda Bonturi.[17][18] His family is mostly of Italian descent, with some German ancestry. On his father's side, he is the great-grandson of Italians from Veneto and Calabria.[19] Bolsonaro's paternal grandfather's family comes from Veneto, more precisely the city of Anguillara Veneta, in the province of Padua. His great-grandfather, Vittorio Bolzonaro (the surname was originally written with a Z), was born on 12 April 1878. Vittorio's parents immigrated to Brazil when he was ten, together with his little siblings, Giovanna and Tranquillo.[20][19] His German ancestry came from his father's maternal grandfather, Carl "Carlos" Hintze, born in Hamburg around 1876, who immigrated to Brazil in 1883.[19] His maternal grandparents were born in the Italian city of Lucca, in Tuscany, and went to live in Brazil in the 1890s.[19]

Bolsonaro spent most of his childhood moving around São Paulo with his family, living in the cities of Ribeira, Jundiaí, and Sete Barras, before settling in the town of Eldorado, in the southern region of the state, in 1966, where he would grow up together with his five brothers.[21]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Jair Bolsonaro
Alemannisch: Jair Bolsonaro
aragonés: Jair Bolsonaro
armãneashti: Jair Bolsonaro
asturianu: Jair Bolsonaro
Avañe'ẽ: Jair Bolsonaro
Aymar aru: Jair Bolsonaro
azərbaycanca: Jair Bolsonaru
Bahasa Banjar: Jair Bolsonaro
Bân-lâm-gú: Jair Bolsonaro
Basa Banyumasan: Jair Bolsonaro
башҡортса: Жаир Болсонару
беларуская: Жаір Балсанару
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Жаір Балсанару
Bikol Central: Jair Bolsonaro
български: Жаир Болсонаро
brezhoneg: Jair Bolsonaro
čeština: Jair Bolsonaro
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Jair Bolsonaro
Chi-Chewa: Jair Bolsonaro
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Jair Bolsonaro
español: Jair Bolsonaro
Esperanto: Jair Bolsonaro
français: Jair Bolsonaro
Hawaiʻi: Jair Bolsonaro
hornjoserbsce: Jair Bolsonaro
hrvatski: Jair Bolsonaro
Bahasa Indonesia: Jair Bolsonaro
interlingua: Jair Bolsonaro
Interlingue: Jair Bolsonaro
íslenska: Jair Bolsonaro
italiano: Jair Bolsonaro
Kinyarwanda: Jair Bolsonaro
Kreyòl ayisyen: Jair Bolsonaro
latviešu: Žairs Bolsonaru
Lëtzebuergesch: Jair Bolsonaro
lietuvių: Jair Bolsonaro
Limburgs: Jair Bolsonaro
Lingua Franca Nova: Jair Bolsonaro
lumbaart: Jair Bolsonaro
Malagasy: Jair Bolsonaro
مازِرونی: جیر بولسنارو
Bahasa Melayu: Jair Bolsonaro
Mirandés: Jair Bolsonaro
Dorerin Naoero: Jair Bolsonaro
Nederlands: Jair Bolsonaro
norsk nynorsk: Jair Bolsonaro
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Jair Bolsonaro
Papiamentu: Jair Bolsonaro
português: Jair Bolsonaro
reo tahiti: Jair Bolsonaro
română: Jair Bolsonaro
Runa Simi: Jair Bolsonaro
Gagana Samoa: Jair Bolsonaro
sicilianu: Jair Bolsonaro
Simple English: Jair Bolsonaro
slovenčina: Jair Bolsonaro
slovenščina: Jair Bolsonaro
српски / srpski: Жаир Болсонаро
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jair Bolsonaro
татарча/tatarça: Жаир Болсонару
Türkçe: Jair Bolsonaro
Türkmençe: Jair Bolsonaro
українська: Жаїр Болсонару
Tiếng Việt: Jair Bolsonaro
Yorùbá: Jair Bolsonaro
粵語: 波索拿諾