Jönköping

Jönköping
Collage of Jönköping
Collage of Jönköping
Coat of arms of Jönköping
Coat of arms
Jönköping is located in Jönköping
Jönköping
Jönköping
Jönköping is located in Sweden
Jönköping
Jönköping
Coordinates: 57°46′58″N 14°09′38″E / 57°46′58″N 14°09′38″E / 57.78278; 14.16056
CountrySweden
ProvinceSmåland
CountyJönköping County
MunicipalityJönköping Municipality
City status1284
Area[1]
 • City44.82 km2 (17.31 sq mi)
Elevation104 m (341 ft)
Population (31 December 2015)[1]
 • City93,797
 • Density2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)
 • Metro134,785[2]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code551 xx
Area code(s)(+46) 36
Vehicle registration1544
ClimateDfb
Websitewww.jonkoping.se

Jönköping (Swedish pronunciation: [²jœnːˌɕøːpɪŋ] (About this sound listen)) is a city in southern Sweden with 93,797 inhabitants (2015).[3] Jönköping is situated at the southern end of Sweden's second largest lake, Vättern, in the province of Småland.

The city is the seat of Jönköping Municipality, which has a population of 134,785 (2016) and is Småland's most populous municipality. Jönköping is also the seat of Jönköping County which has a population of 341,235 (2013). Jönköping is the seat of a district court and a court of appeal as well as the Swedish National Courts Administration. It is the seat of the Swedish Board of Agriculture.[4]

History

The Sofia Church in Jönköping, Neo-Gothic style, 1888

Jönköping is an old trading centre (Köping) situated at a natural crossroads for routes following the rivers Nissan and Lagan, and the road connecting the provinces of Östergötland and Västergötland, a result of the town's geographical position at the southern end of lake Vättern, which divides the two provinces.

On 18 May 1284 Jönköping became the first City in Sweden to be granted its rights by king Magnus Ladulås, who ruled mostly from Vättern's largest island Visingsö. The first part of the city's name, "Jön", is derived from a creek, "Junebäcken", in Talavid, in what is now the western part of the city. The second part of the name "köping", is, as mentioned above, an old word for a trading centre or market place.[5]

The geographical position of the city also left it vulnerable to attack via the river routes that led south, mainly from Danes. At that time the provinces of what is today southern Sweden — Scania, Halland and Blekinge — belonged to Denmark. The city was plundered and burned several times until it was fortified during the 16th and 17th centuries.

Jönköping was known for its matchstick industry between 1845–1970.[6] Today it is an important Nordic logistical center, with many companies' central warehouses (such as Elkjøp, IKEA, Electrolux and Husqvarna) situated there.

Other Languages
العربية: يونشوبينغ
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܝܘܢܫܘܦܝܢ
Bân-lâm-gú: Jönköping
беларуская: Ёнчэпінг
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ёнчэпінг
български: Йоншьопинг
brezhoneg: Jönköping
català: Jönköping
Cebuano: Jönköping
čeština: Jönköping
Cymraeg: Jönköping
davvisámegiella: Jönköping
Deutsch: Jönköping
Ελληνικά: Γιένσεπινγκ
español: Jönköping
Esperanto: Jönköping
euskara: Jönköping
فارسی: یونشوپینگ
føroyskt: Jönköping
français: Jönköping
Gàidhlig: Jönköping
galego: Jönköping
한국어: 옌셰핑
hrvatski: Jönköping
Bahasa Indonesia: Jönköping (kota)
interlingua: Jönköping
íslenska: Jönköping
italiano: Jönköping
kalaallisut: Jönköping
ქართული: იენჩეპინგი
қазақша: Йёнчёпинг
kernowek: Jönköping
Kiswahili: Jönköping
Latina: Iunecopia
latviešu: Jenšēpinga
lietuvių: Jonšiopingas
lumbaart: Jönköping
magyar: Jönköping
македонски: Јеншепинг
Māori: Jönköping
Baso Minangkabau: Jönköping
монгол: Йёньшөпин
Nederlands: Jönköping (stad)
нохчийн: Йёнчёпинг
Nordfriisk: Jönköping
norsk nynorsk: Jönköping
پنجابی: یونشوپنگ
polski: Jönköping
português: Jönköping
română: Jönköping
русский: Йёнчёпинг
Simple English: Jönköping
slovenčina: Jönköping
српски / srpski: Јенћепинг
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jönköping
svenska: Jönköping
Türkçe: Jönköping
українська: Єнчепінг
Tiếng Việt: Jönköping
Volapük: Jönköping
Winaray: Jönköping
中文: 延雪平