Iwate Prefecture

Iwate Prefecture

Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese岩手県
 • RōmajiIwate-ken
Official logo of Iwate Prefecture
Location of Iwate Prefecture
SubdivisionsDistricts: 10, Municipalities: 33
 • GovernorTakuya Tasso
 • Total15,275.01 km2 (5,897.71 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
 (1 June 2019)
 • Total1,229,432
 • Rank32nd
 • Density80/km2 (210/sq mi)
BirdGreen pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)
FlowerPaulownia tree (Paulownia tomentosa)
TreeNanbu red pine (Pinus densiflora)

Iwate Prefecture (岩手県, Iwate-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tōhoku region of Honshu.[1] Iwate Prefecture has a population of 1,229,432 (1 June 2019) and is the second-largest prefecture at 15,275 km² (5,897 sq mi). Iwate Prefecture borders Aomori Prefecture to the north, Akita Prefecture to the west, and Miyagi Prefecture to the south.

Morioka is the capital and largest city of Iwate Prefecture, with other major cities including Ichinoseki, Ōshū, and Hanamaki.[2] Iwate Prefecture is located on Japan's Pacific Ocean coast and features the easternmost point of Honshu at Cape Todo. Iwate Prefecture shares the highest peaks of the Ōu Mountains, the longest mountain range in Japan, at the border with Akita Prefecture. Iwate Prefecture is home to famous attractions such as Morioka Castle, the Buddhist temples of Hiraizumi including Chūson-ji and Mōtsū-ji, the Fujiwara no Sato movie lot and theme park in Ōshū, and the Tenshochi park in Kitakami known for its big, old cherry trees. Iwate Prefecture has the lowest population density of any prefecture outside Hokkaido and 5% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks.


There are several theories about the origin of the name "Iwate", but the most well known is the tale Oni no tegata, which is associated with the Mitsuishi or "Three Rocks" Shrine in Morioka. These rocks are said to have been thrown down into Morioka by an eruption of Mt. Iwate. According to the legend, there was once a devil who often tormented and harassed the local people. When the people prayed to the spirits of Mitsuishi for protection, the devil was immediately shackled to these rocks and forced to make a promise never to trouble the people again.[3] As a seal of his oath, the devil made a handprint on one of the rocks, thus giving rise to the name Iwate, literally "rock hand". Even now after a rainfall it is said that the devil's hand print can still be seen there.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Iwate-prefektuur
azərbaycanca: İvate prefekturası
Bân-lâm-gú: Iwate-koān
беларуская: Іватэ (прэфектура)
Bikol Central: Prepekturang Iwate
Cebuano: Iwate-ken
čeština: Prefektura Iwate
davvisámegiella: Iwate prefektuvra
Esperanto: Gubernio Iŭate
贛語: 岩手县
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Iwate-yen
한국어: 이와테현
Bahasa Indonesia: Prefektur Iwate
Kiswahili: Mkoa wa Iwate
Latina: Iwateensis
македонски: Ивате (префектура)
Bahasa Melayu: Wilayah Iwate
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Iwate-gâing
монгол: Иватэ
Nederlands: Iwate (prefectuur)
日本語: 岩手県
پنجابی: ضلع ایواٹے
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ខេត្តអ៊ីវ៉ាតិ
português: Iwate (prefeitura)
Simple English: Iwate Prefecture
slovenčina: Iwate (prefektúra)
српски / srpski: Префектура Ивате
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Prefektura Ivate
svenska: Iwate
Türkçe: Iwate
українська: Префектура Івате
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئىۋاتە ناھىيىسى
Tiếng Việt: Iwate
文言: 岩手縣
吴语: 岩手县
粵語: 岩手縣
中文: 岩手县