Istria

Traditional arms of Istria
The peninsula of Istria

Istria (ə/ ISS-tree-ə; Croatian, Slovene: Istra; Istriot: Eîstria; Italian: Istria; German: Istrien), formerly Histria (Latin), Ίστρια (Ancient Greek), is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. The peninsula is located at the head of the Adriatic between the Gulf of Trieste and the Kvarner Gulf. It is shared by three countries: Croatia, Slovenia, and Italy.[1][2] Croatia encapsulates most of the Istrian peninsula with its Istria County (Regione istriana in italian).

Geography

Borders and roads in Istria

The geographical features of Istria include the Učka mountain ridge, which is the highest portion of the Ćićarija mountain range; the rivers Dragonja, Mirna, Pazinčica, and Raša; and the Lim bay and valley. Istria lies in three countries: Croatia, Slovenia and Italy. By far the largest portion (89%) lies in Croatia. "Croatian Istria" is divided into two counties, the larger being Istria County in western Croatia. Important towns in Istria County include Pula/Pola, Poreč/Parenzo, Rovinj/Rovigno, Pazin/Pisino, Labin/Albona, Umag/Umago, Motovun/Montona, Buzet/Pinguente, and Buje/Buie. Smaller towns in Istria County include Višnjan, Roč, and Hum.

The northwestern part of Istria lies in Slovenia: it is known as Slovenian Istria, and includes the coastal municipalities of Piran/Pirano, Izola/Isola and Koper/Capodistria, and the Karstic municipality of Hrpelje-Kozina.

Northwards of Slovenian Istria, there is a tiny portion of the peninsula that lies in Italy.[1][2] This smallest portion of Istria consists of the comunes of Muggia and San Dorligo della Valle, with Santa Croce (Trieste) lying farthest to the north.

The ancient region of Histria extended over a much wider area, including the whole Kras plateau until the southern edges of the Vipava Valley, the southwestern portions of modern Inner Carniola with Postojna and Ilirska Bistrica, and the Italian Province of Trieste, but not the Liburnian coast which was already part of Illyricum.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: إستريا
azərbaycanca: İstriya
беларуская: Істрыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Істрыя
български: Истрия
bosanski: Istra
brezhoneg: Istria
Cymraeg: Istria
dansk: Istrien
Deutsch: Istrien
eesti: Istria
Ελληνικά: Ίστρια
español: Istria
Esperanto: Istrio
euskara: Istria
فارسی: ایستریا
français: Istrie
galego: Istria
հայերեն: Իստրիա
hrvatski: Istra
Bahasa Indonesia: Istria
íslenska: Istría
italiano: Istria
עברית: איסטריה
ქართული: ისტრია
Latina: Histria
latviešu: Istras pussala
Lëtzebuergesch: Istrien
lietuvių: Istrija
lumbaart: Istria
македонски: Истра
norsk: Istria
norsk nynorsk: Istria
polski: Istria
português: Ístria
русский: Истрия
sardu: Ìstria
shqip: Istria
Simple English: Istria
slovenčina: Istria
slovenščina: Istra
ślůnski: Istryjo
српски / srpski: Истра
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Istra
suomi: Istria
svenska: Istrien
Türkçe: İstirya
українська: Істрія
اردو: ایستریا
vèneto: Istria
Tiếng Việt: Istria