Island

Atafu atoll in Tokelau
A small Fijian island
The British Isles are a large group of islands. The main islands are Great Britain and Ireland.
A small island in Lower Saranac Lake in the Adirondacks in the U.S.
Bangchuidao Island is an islet composed mostly of rock, in Dalian, Liaoning Province, China.
The islands of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil, are the visible parts of submerged mountains.
A subterranean isle in Cross Cave
Manhattan, U.S. is home to over 1.6 million people.
Kansai Airport is built on an artificial island in Japan.

An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.[2] Very small islands such as emergent land features on atolls can be called islets, skerries, cays or keys. An island in a river or a lake island may be called an eyot or ait, and a small island off the coast may be called a holm. A grouping of geographically or geologically related islands is called an archipelago, such as the Philippines, for example.

An island may be described as such, despite the presence of an artificial land bridge; examples are Singapore and its causeway, and the various Dutch delta islands, such as IJsselmonde. Some places may even retain "island" in their names for historical reasons after being connected to a larger landmass by a land bridge or landfill, such as Coney Island and Coronado Island, though these are, strictly speaking, tied islands. Conversely, when a piece of land is separated from the mainland by a man-made canal, for example the Peloponnese by the Corinth Canal or Marble Hill in northern Manhattan during the time between the building of the United States Ship Canal and the filling-in of the Harlem River which surrounded the area, it is generally not considered an island.

There are two main types of islands in the sea: continental and oceanic. There are also artificial islands.

Etymology

The word island derives from Middle English iland, from Old English igland (from ig or ieg, similarly meaning 'island' when used independently, and -land carrying its contemporary meaning; cf. Dutch eiland ("island"), German Eiland ("small island")). However, the spelling of the word was modified in the 15th century because of a false etymology caused by an incorrect association with the etymologically unrelated Old French loanword isle, which itself comes from the Latin word insula.[3] Old English ieg is actually a cognate of Swedish ö and German Aue, and related to Latin aqua (water).[4]

Other Languages
Acèh: Pulo
Afrikaans: Eiland
Alemannisch: Insel
አማርኛ: ደሴት
العربية: جزيرة
aragonés: Isla
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܓܙܪܬܐ
armãneashti: Nisii
asturianu: Islla
Avañe'ẽ: Ypa'ũ
azərbaycanca: Ada
تۆرکجه: آدا
বাংলা: দ্বীপ
Bân-lâm-gú: Tó-sū
башҡортса: Утрау
беларуская: Востраў
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Востраў
भोजपुरी: दीप
Bikol Central: Isla
български: Остров
Boarisch: Insl
bosanski: Ostrvo
brezhoneg: Enezenn
català: Illa
Чӑвашла: Утрав
Cebuano: Pulo
čeština: Ostrov
chiShona: Chitsuwa
Cymraeg: Ynys
dansk: Ø
Deutsch: Insel
eesti: Saar
Ελληνικά: Νησί
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Îsla
español: Isla
Esperanto: Insulo
euskara: Uharte
فارسی: جزیره
Fiji Hindi: Island
føroyskt: Oyggj
français: Île
Frysk: Eilân
Gaeilge: Oileán
Gaelg: Ellan
Gàidhlig: Eilean
galego: Illa
贛語:
한국어:
Hawaiʻi: Mokupuni
Հայերեն: Կղզի
हिन्दी: द्वीप
hornjoserbsce: Kupa
hrvatski: Otok
Ido: Insulo
Ilokano: Isla
Bahasa Indonesia: Pulau
interlingua: Insula
íslenska: Eyja
italiano: Isola
עברית: אי
Basa Jawa: Pulo
ಕನ್ನಡ: ದ್ವೀಪ
къарачай-малкъар: Айрымкан
ქართული: კუნძული
қазақша: Арал
Kiswahili: Kisiwa
коми: Ді
Kreyòl ayisyen: Il
kurdî: Girav
Кыргызча: Арал
кырык мары: Ошмаоты
Ladino: Izla
Latina: Insula
latviešu: Sala
Lëtzebuergesch: Insel
lietuvių: Sala
Limburgs: Eilandj
lingála: Esanga
la .lojban.: daplu
lumbaart: Isula
magyar: Sziget
македонски: Остров
Malagasy: Nosy
മലയാളം: ദ്വീപ്
मराठी: बेट
მარგალური: კოკი (გეოგრაფია)
مصرى: جزيره
مازِرونی: جزیره
Bahasa Melayu: Pulau
Baso Minangkabau: Pulau
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dō̤
Mirandés: Ilha
монгол: Арал
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကျွန်း (ကုန်းမြေ)
Nāhuatl: Tlalhuactli
Nederlands: Eiland
Nedersaksies: Eilaand
日本語:
Napulitano: Isula
нохчийн: ГӀайре
Nordfriisk: Eilun
Norfuk / Pitkern: Ailen
norsk: Øy
norsk nynorsk: Øy
Nouormand: Île
occitan: Illa
олык марий: Отро
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Orol
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਟਾਪੂ
پنجابی: جزیرہ
Papiamentu: Isla
پښتو: ټاپو
ភាសាខ្មែរ: កោះ
Tok Pisin: Ailan
Plattdüütsch: Insel
polski: Wyspa
português: Ilha
română: Insulă
Romani: Dvip
Runa Simi: Wat'a
русиньскый: Остров
русский: Остров
Sängö: Zûa
Scots: Island
Seeltersk: Ailound
Sesotho sa Leboa: Sehlakehlake
shqip: Ishulli
sicilianu: Ìsula
සිංහල: දූපත්
Simple English: Island
سنڌي: ٻيٽ
slovenčina: Ostrov
slovenščina: Otok
ślůnski: Wyspa
Soomaaliga: Jasiirad
کوردی: دوورگە
српски / srpski: Острво
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ostrvo
Basa Sunda: Pulo
suomi: Saari
Tagalog: Pulo
தமிழ்: தீவு
татарча/tatarça: Утрау
తెలుగు: ద్వీపం
ไทย: เกาะ
Türkçe: Ada
Türkmençe: Ada
українська: Острів
اردو: جزیرہ
vèneto: Ixoła
Tiếng Việt: Đảo
Võro: Saar
walon: Iye
West-Vlams: Eiland
Winaray: Purô
Wolof: Dun
吴语: 岛屿
ייִדיש: אינזל
Yorùbá: Erékùṣù
粵語:
Zazaki: Ade
žemaitėška: Sala
中文: 島嶼
ГӀалгӀай: ГIайре
Lingua Franca Nova: Isola