Islamabad

Islamabad

اسلام آباد
Islamabad, Pakistan Monument.jpg
Long Exposure of Blue Area Islamabad.JPG
Parliament House, Islamabad by Usman Ghani.jpg
Faisal Masjid From Damn e koh.jpg
Islamabad- Under dark clouds.jpeg
Clockwise from left: Pakistan Monument, Blue Area is the commercial centre of the city, National Assembly of Pakistan, Faisal Mosque, Margalla Hills National Park
Islamabad is located in Pakistan
Islamabad
Location within Pakistan
Islamabad is located in Asia
Islamabad
Islamabad (Asia)
Islamabad is located in Earth
Islamabad
Islamabad (Earth)
Coordinates: 33°43′N 73°04′E / 33°43′N 73°04′E / 33.717; 73.067Pakistan
TerritoryIslamabad Capital Territory
Founded1960
Government
 • TypeParliamentary democratic republic
 • Governing bodyICT Administration,Islamabad Metropolitan Corporation and Capital Development Authority (CDA)
 • Chief CommissionerAmer Ali Ahmed
 • Chairman CDAHamza Shafaat
Area
 • Capital city906.5 km2 (350.0 sq mi)
 • Land897.7 km2 (346.6 sq mi)
 • Water8.8 km2 (3.4 sq mi)  0.97%
 • Urban
220.15 km2 (85.00 sq mi)
 • Rural
466.20 km2 (180.00 sq mi)
 • Parks220.15 km2 (85.00 sq mi)
Highest elevation
620 m (2,000 ft)
Lowest elevation
490 m (1,610 ft)
Population
 (2017 Census)[2]
 • Capital city1,014,825
 • Density2,089/km2 (5,410/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,014,825
 • Urban density4,609/km2 (11,940/sq mi)
 • Rural
991,747
 • Metro
4 million
 [3]
Demonym(s)Islamabadi, Islamabadis or Islooite
Time zoneUTC+5 (PKT/YEKT)
Postcode
44000
Area code(s)051
HDI0.875 (data for 2014–2015) Increase[4]
HDI Categoryvery high
Notable sports teamsIslamabad United, www.islamabad.gov.pk

Islamabad (d/; Urdu: اسلام آباد‎,Punjabi: اسلام آباد Islāmābād [ɪsˌlɑːmɑːˈbɑːd]) is the capital city of Pakistan, and is federally administered as part of the Islamabad Capital Territory. Built as a planned city in the 1960s to replace Karachi as Pakistan's capital, Islamabad is noted for its high standards of living,[5] safety,[6] and abundant greenery.[7]

With a population of 1,014,825 as per the 2017 Census, Islamabad is the 9th largest city in Pakistan, while the larger Islamabad-Rawalpindi metropolitan area is the country's third largest with a population exceeding four million.[8][9][10] The city is the political seat of Pakistan and local government setup is run by the Islamabad Metropolitan Corporation, supported by the Capital Development Authority (CDA).

Islamabad is located in the Pothohar Plateau in the northeastern part of the country, between Rawalpindi District and the Margalla Hills National Park to the north. The region has historically been a part of the crossroads of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with the Margalla Pass acting as the gateway between the two regions.[11]

The city's master-plan, designed by Greek architect Constantinos Apostolou Doxiadis, divides the city into eight zones, including administrative, diplomatic enclave, residential areas, educational sectors, industrial sectors, commercial areas, and rural and green areas. The city is known for the presence of several parks and forests, including the Margalla Hills National Park and Shakarparian Park.[12] The city is home to several landmarks, including the Faisal Mosque, the largest mosque in South Asia[13] and the fourth largest in the world. Other landmarks include the Pakistan's National Monument and Democracy Square.[14][15][16]

Islamabad is a gamma-global city;[17] it is categorised as very high on the Human Development Index, with an HDI of 0.875, the 2nd highest in the country after Lahore. The city has the highest cost of living in Pakistan, and its population is dominated by middle and upper middle class citizens.[5][18] The city is home to twenty universities, including the Quaid-e-Azam University, PIEAS, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology and NUST.[19] The city is one of the safest in Pakistan, and has an expansive surveillance system with 1,900 CCTV cameras.[6][20]

Etymology

The name of the city, Islamabad, is derived from two words, Islam and abad, meaning "City of Islam". Islam is an Urdu word which refers to the religion of Islam and -abad is a Persian suffix indicating an inhabited place or city.[21]

Other Languages
Acèh: Islamabad
Afrikaans: Islamabad
አማርኛ: ኢስላማባድ
العربية: إسلام آباد
অসমীয়া: ইছলামাবাদ
asturianu: Islamabad
azərbaycanca: İslamabad
تۆرکجه: ایسلام آباد
Bân-lâm-gú: Islamabad
башҡортса: Исламабад
беларуская: Ісламабад
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ісламабад
Bikol Central: Islamabad
български: Исламабад
bosanski: Islamabad
brezhoneg: Islamabad
català: Islamabad
čeština: Islámábád
chiShona: Islamabad
Cymraeg: Islamabad
dansk: Islamabad
davvisámegiella: Islamabad
Deutsch: Islamabad
ދިވެހިބަސް: އިސްލާމްއާބާދު
डोटेली: इस्लामाबाद
eesti: Islamabad
Ελληνικά: Ισλαμαμπάντ
español: Islamabad
Esperanto: Islamabado
euskara: Islamabad
Fiji Hindi: Islamabad
føroyskt: Islamabad
français: Islamabad
Frysk: Islamabad
Gaeilge: Islamabad
Gàidhlig: Islamabad
galego: Islamabad
Gĩkũyũ: Islamabad
ગુજરાતી: ઇસ્લામાબાદ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Islamabad
Hausa: Islamabad
հայերեն: Իսլամաբադ
हिन्दी: इस्लामाबाद
hornjoserbsce: Islamabad
hrvatski: Islamabad
Ilokano: Islamabad
Bahasa Indonesia: Islamabad
interlingua: Islamabad
Interlingue: Islamabad
íslenska: Islamabad
italiano: Islamabad
עברית: אסלאמאבאד
Jawa: Islamabad
kalaallisut: Islamabad
ქართული: ისლამაბადი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: اِسلام آبادٖ
қазақша: Исламабад
Kinyarwanda: Islamabad
Kiswahili: Islamabad
Kreyòl ayisyen: Islamabad
kurdî: Îslamabad
Кыргызча: Исламабад
لۊری شومالی: ئسلام آباد
Latina: Islamabada
latviešu: Islāmābāda
Lëtzebuergesch: Islamabad
лезги: Исламабад
lietuvių: Islamabadas
Livvinkarjala: Islamabad
lumbaart: Islamabad
मैथिली: इस्लामाबाद
македонски: Исламабад
മലയാളം: ഇസ്ലാമബാദ്
Māori: Islamabad
მარგალური: ისლამაბადი
مازِرونی: اسلام آباد
Bahasa Melayu: Islamabad
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Islamabad
Mirandés: Islamabad
монгол: Исламабад
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အစ္စလာမာဘတ်မြို့
Nāhuatl: Islamabad
Nederlands: Islamabad
नेपाली: इस्लामावाद
Napulitano: Islamabad
нохчийн: Исламабад
Nordfriisk: Islamabad
norsk: Islamabad
norsk nynorsk: Islamabad
occitan: Islamabad
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Islomobod
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਇਸਲਾਮਾਬਾਦ
پنجابی: اسلام آباد
Papiamentu: Islamabad
Piemontèis: Islamabad
polski: Islamabad
português: Islamabad
Qaraqalpaqsha: İslamabad
română: Islamabad
русский: Исламабад
саха тыла: Исламабад
sardu: Islamabad
Scots: Islamabad
shqip: Islamabadi
sicilianu: Islamabad
Simple English: Islamabad
slovenčina: Islamabad
slovenščina: Islamabad
српски / srpski: Исламабад
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Islamabad
Sunda: Islamabad
suomi: Islamabad
svenska: Islamabad
Tagalog: Islamabad
татарча/tatarça: İslamabad
тоҷикӣ: Исломобад
Türkçe: İslamabad
українська: Ісламабад
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئىسلامئاباد
vepsän kel’: Islamabad
Tiếng Việt: Islamabad
Võro: Islamabad
Winaray: Islamabad
吴语: 伊斯兰堡
ייִדיש: איסלאמאבאד
Yorùbá: Islàmabad
粵語: 伊斯蘭堡
žemaitėška: Islamabads
中文: 伊斯兰堡