Irkutsk

Irkutsk

Иркутск
Clockwise, from the upper right corner: Clock Tower, Picture Gallery, Irkutsk panorama from the dam, Local Lore Museum, Khudozhestvenny Cinema, Kazan Church
Clockwise, from the upper right corner: Clock Tower, Picture Gallery, Irkutsk panorama from the dam, Local Lore Museum, Khudozhestvenny Cinema, Kazan Church
Flag of Irkutsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Irkutsk
Coat of arms
Anthem: none
Location of Irkutsk
Irkutsk is located in Russia
Irkutsk
Irkutsk
Location of Irkutsk
Irkutsk is located in Irkutsk Oblast
Irkutsk
Irkutsk
Irkutsk (Irkutsk Oblast)
Coordinates: 52°17′N 104°17′E / 52°17′N 104°17′E / 52.283; 104.283

Irkutsk (Russian: Иркутск, IPA: [ɪrˈkutsk]; Buryat and Mongolian: Эрхүү, Erhüü) is the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, and one of the largest cities in Siberia.

Many distinguished Russians were sent into exile in Irkutsk for their part in the Decembrist revolt of 1825, and the city became an exile-post for the rest of the century. Some of the fine wooden houses still survive, contrasting with the dominant Soviet architecture. When the railway reached Irkutsk, it had earned the nickname of "The Paris of Siberia." The city saw bitter fighting in the Russian Civil War of 1918-20, and then became a major centre of aircraft manufacture.

Trans-Siberian Highway (Federal M53 and M55 Highways) and Trans-Siberian Railway connect Irkutsk to other regions in Russia and Mongolia.

Etymology

Irkutsk was named after the Irkut River, whose name was derived from the Buryat word for "spinning" and was used as an ethnonym among local tribes as Yrkhu, Irkit, Irgit, and Irgyt. The city was formerly known as "Yandashsky" after the local Tuvan chief Yandasha Gorogi.[13]

The old spelling of the name of the city was «Иркуцкъ». Before the revolution, the city was called "East Paris", "Siberian Petersburg", "Siberian Athens". Locals like to think of their city as "middle of earth".

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Irkoetsk
العربية: إيركوتسك
azərbaycanca: İrkutsk
تۆرکجه: ایرکوتسک
башҡортса: Иркутск
беларуская: Іркуцк
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Іркуцк
български: Иркутск
bosanski: Irkutsk
brezhoneg: Irkoutsk
буряад: Эрхүү хото
català: Irkutsk
Чӑвашла: Иркутск
čeština: Irkutsk
chiTumbuka: Irkutsk
Cymraeg: Irkutsk
dansk: Irkutsk
Deutsch: Irkutsk
dolnoserbski: Irkutsk
eesti: Irkutsk
Ελληνικά: Ιρκούτσκ
español: Irkutsk
Esperanto: Irkutsk
euskara: Irkutsk
فارسی: ایرکوتسک
français: Irkoutsk
Frysk: Irkûtsk
Gaeilge: Irkutsk
galego: Irkutsk
한국어: 이르쿠츠크
հայերեն: Իրկուտսկ
हिन्दी: इरकुत्स्क
hornjoserbsce: Irkutsk
hrvatski: Irkutsk
Ido: Irkutsk
Bahasa Indonesia: Irkutsk
Ирон: Иркутск
italiano: Irkutsk
עברית: אירקוטסק
ქართული: ირკუტსკი
kaszëbsczi: Irkùck
Kiswahili: Irkutsk
коми: Иркутск
Кыргызча: Иркутск
Latina: Ircutia
latviešu: Irkutska
Lëtzebuergesch: Irkutsk
lietuvių: Irkutskas
magyar: Irkutszk
монгол: Эрхүү хот
Nederlands: Irkoetsk
нохчийн: Иркутск
norsk: Irkutsk
norsk nynorsk: Irkutsk
occitan: Irkotsk
олык марий: Иркутск
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Irkutsk
پنجابی: ارکٹسک
polski: Irkuck
português: Irkutsk
română: Irkutsk
русский: Иркутск
саха тыла: Иркутскай
Scots: Irkutsk
shqip: Irkuck
sicilianu: Irkutsk
Simple English: Irkutsk
slovenčina: Irkutsk
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Иркоутьскъ
ślůnski: Irkutsk
српски / srpski: Иркутск
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Irkutsk
suomi: Irkutsk
svenska: Irkutsk
Tagalog: Irkutsk
татарча/tatarça: Өркет
Türkçe: İrkutsk
удмурт: Иркутск
українська: Іркутськ
اردو: ایرکتسک
vepsän kel’: Irkutsk
Tiếng Việt: Irkutsk
Winaray: Irkutsk
Wolof: Irkutsk
ייִדיש: אירקוצק