Irish Travellers

Irish Travellers
An lucht siúil
Travellers Decorated Caravan (6136023633).jpg
Irish Travellers in 1954
Total population
400,766
Regions with significant populations
 Ireland30,060[1]
Northern Ireland11,776
Great Britain90,890
 United States10,000–40,000
Languages
English (Hiberno-English), Irish, Shelta
Religion
Predominantly Catholic
Related ethnic groups
Irish, Scottish Travellers, Romani Gypsy, Romanichal

Irish Travellers (Irish: an lucht siúil, meaning 'the walking people') are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group who maintain a set of traditions.[2][3] Although predominantly English-speaking, many also use Shelta. They live mostly in Ireland as well as comprising large communities in the United Kingdom and the United States.[4] Traveller rights groups have long pushed for ethnic status from the Irish government, finally succeeding in 2017.[5]

As of 2016, there are 30,987 Travellers within Ireland, and this has led to them becoming recognized as a minority group in Ireland.[6]

Nomenclature

Travellers refer to themselves as Minkiers[7] or Pavees, or in Irish as an Lucht Siúil ("the walking people").

"Pikey" or "pikie" is a slang term, which is pejorative and is a derogatory term aimed towards Travellers. It is used in the US, UK and Ireland[8][9] to refer to Travellers. In a pejorative sense it means "a lower-class person", perhaps 'coarse' or 'disreputable'. It is not well received among Irish Travellers or Romani, as it is an ethnic slur. [10]

Other Languages