Ireland Location of Ireland (dark green)
Europe (green & dark grey) Geography Location Western Europe Coordinates 53°25′N 8°0′W / 53°25′N 8°0′W / 53.417; -8.000 Adjacent bodies of water Atlantic Ocean Area 84,421 km 2 (32,595 sq mi)  Area rank 20th  Coastline 2,797 km (1,738 mi) Highest elevation 1,041 m (3,415 ft) Highest point Carrauntoohil Administration Largest city (pop. 553,165) Dublin Country Northern Ireland Largest city (pop. 333,000) Belfast Demographics Demonym Irish Northern Irish/British Population 6,572,728 (2016)  Population rank 19th Pop. density 77.8 /km 2 (201.5 /sq mi) Languages , English , Irish Ulster Scots Ethnic groups Additional information Time zone • Summer ( ) DST Patron saints Saint Brigit Saint Colmcille Saint Patrick Ireland ( / (; ) listen : Irish Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] (; ) listen : Ulster-Scots Airlann ) is an [ˈɑːrlən] in the island . It is separated from North Atlantic to its east by the Great Britain , the North Channel , and Irish Sea . Ireland is the St George's Channel of the second-largest island , the British Isles in third-largest , and the Europe on twentieth-largest . Earth 
Politically, Ireland is divided between the
(officially Republic of Ireland ), which covers five-sixths of the island, and named Ireland , which is part of the Northern Ireland . In 2011, the United Kingdom was about 6.6 million, ranking it the population of Ireland after second-most populous island in Europe . Just under 4.8 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland. Great Britain 
comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with geography extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but changeable climate which is free of extremes in temperature. It was covered by thick woodlands until the several navigable rivers . As of 2013, the amount of land that is wooded in Ireland is about 11% of the total, compared with a European average of 35%. Middle Ages  There are twenty-six extant  species native to Ireland. mammal The  is Irish climate and thus very moderate, influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and winters are milder than expected for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in  . Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant. Continental Europe
The earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is dated at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago).
 had emerged by the 1st century AD. The island was Gaelic Ireland from the 5th century onward. Following the 12th century Christianised , Norman invasion claimed sovereignty. However, English rule did not extend over the whole island until the 16th–17th century England , which led to Tudor conquest . In the 1690s, a system of colonisation by settlers from Britain was designed to materially disadvantage the Protestant English rule majority and Protestant Catholic , and was extended during the 18th century. With the dissenters in 1801, Ireland became Acts of Union the a part of . A United Kingdom in the early 20th century was followed by the war of independence , creating the partition of the island , which became increasingly sovereign over the following decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much Irish Free State . This subsided following civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the a political agreement while the United Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as part of it, did the same. has had a significant influence on other cultures, especially in the fields of Irish culture . Alongside mainstream literature , a strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Western culture , Gaelic games and the Irish music . The island's culture shares many features with that of Great Britain, including the Irish language , and sports such as English language , , rugby , and horse racing . golf
Ireland and Éire derive from Old Irish . This in turn comes from the Eriu Proto-Celtic *Iveriu (compare Welsh ), which is also the source of Latin Iwerddon . Hibernia Iveriu derives from a root meaning 'fat, prosperous'.
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