Irapuato

Irapuato
Catedral de Nuestra Señora de la Soledad
Catedral de Nuestra Señora de la Soledad
Flag of Irapuato
Flag
Official seal of Irapuato
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Spanish: Ciudad de las Fresas
(English: City of the strawberries)
Motto(s): 
Latin: Ad Augusta Per Angusta
(English: To honors through difficulties)
Location of Irapuato in Mexico
Location of Irapuato in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°40′N 101°21′W / 20°40′N 101°21′W / 20.667; -101.350UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)
ZIP code
36590 - 36899
Area code(s)Official Website of the City of Irapuato
Average temperature 19°C

Irapuato is a Mexican town (and municipality) located at the foot of the Arandas Hill (in Spanish: Cerro de Arandas), in the south central region of the state of Guanajuato. It lies between the Silao River and the Guanajuato River, a tributary of the Lerma River, at 1,724 m (5,656 ft) above sea level. It is located at 20°40′N 101°21′W / 20°40′N 101°21′W / 20.667; -101.350. The city is the second-largest in the state (only behind León), with a population of 342,561 according to the 2005 census, while its municipality has a population of 529,440.[2] The municipality has an area of 845.16 km² (326.32 sq mi) and includes numerous smaller outlying communities. The city's main industry is agriculture and it is famous for its strawberries and the raising of pigs and cattle. The fruits and flowers of Irapuato's luxurious gardens are well known throughout Mexico.[3]

Plaza de Los Fundadores

History

Tercera Orden's Church, circa 1907. Photo courtesy SMU

Prehispanic era

In the pre-Hispanic era, the site was inhabited by the Chichimecas (c. 1200 AD), a group of semi-nomadic hunter-gatherers. Later on, the Purépechas conquered the region and initiated the establishment of a permanent settlement. They constructed buildings in the Purépecha architectural style, produced pottery, and practiced agriculture. They called the settlement Xiriquitzio (or Iriquitzio), which the Spanish conquerors pronounced "Jiricuato" (or Jiricuicho), which meant "the place with houses (or low dwellings)".[4] The initial growth period, however, was short lived. The downfall of the Purépecha Empire led to the abandonment of the settlement, at which point it was once again inhabited by the Chichimecas.

Conquest

In the 16th century, vasts amounts of silver ore were discovered at the present day site of the capital city of Guanajuato. This discovery led to a massive migration of Spanish settlers to the area.[5]

Other Languages
العربية: إيرابواتو
български: Ирапуато
čeština: Irapuato
dansk: Irapuato
Deutsch: Irapuato
español: Irapuato
Esperanto: Irapuato
français: Irapuato
한국어: 이라푸아토
italiano: Irapuato
ქართული: ირაპუატო
Ladino: Irapuato
lietuvių: Irapuatas
magyar: Irapuato
Nederlands: Irapuato
norsk: Irapuato
polski: Irapuato
português: Irapuato
русский: Ирапуато
ślůnski: Irapuato
српски / srpski: Ирапуато
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Irapuato, Guanajuato
svenska: Irapuato
Tagalog: Irapuato
Türkçe: Irapuato
Tiếng Việt: Irapuato
Winaray: Irapuato