Ionian Sea

Ionian Sea
Ionian Sea map.png
Map of the Ionian Sea
LocationEurope
Coordinates38°N 19°E / 38°N 19°E / Mediterranean Sea
Basin countriesAlbania, Italy, Greece
IslandsList of islands in the Ionian Sea
SettlementsIgoumenitsa, Parga, Preveza, Astakos, Patras, Kerkyra, Lefkada, Argostoli, Zakynthos, Kyparissia, Pylos, Kalamata, Himarë, Sarandë, Syracuse, Catania, Taormina, Messina, Taranto
The Ionian Sea, view from the island Kefalonia, Greece
The Ionian Sea, as seen from Corfu Island, Greece, and with Saranda, Albania in the background

The Ionian Sea (Greek: Ιόνιο Πέλαγος, Iónio Pélagos [iˈonio ˈpelaɣos]; Italian: Mar Ionio [mar ˈjɔːnjo]; Albanian: Deti Jon [dɛti jɔ:n]) is an elongated bay of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea. It is bounded by Southern Italy including Calabria, Sicily, and the Salento peninsula to the west, southern Albania to the north, and the west coast of Greece.

All major islands in the sea belong to Greece. They are collectively named the Ionian Islands, the main ones being Corfu, Kefalonia, Zakynthos, Lefkada, and Ithaca.There are ferry routes between Patras and Igoumenitsa, Greece, and Brindisi and Ancona, Italy, that cross the east and north of the Ionian Sea, and from Piraeus westward. Calypso Deep, the deepest point in the Mediterranean at −5,267 m (−17,280 ft), is located in the Ionian Sea, at 36°34′N 21°8′E / 36°34′N 21°8′E / 36.567; 21.133.[1][2] The sea is one of the most seismically active areas in the world.

Etymology

Boundaries of the Ionian Sea. Red lines define the I.H.O. border.

The name Ionian comes from the Greek language Ἰόνιον (πέλαγος). Its etymology is unknown.[3] Ancient Greek writers, especially Aeschylus, linked it to the myth of Io. In Ancient Greek the adjective Ionios (Ἰόνιος) was used as an epithet for the sea because Io swam across it.[4][5][6] According to the Oxford Classical Dictionary, the name may derive from Ionians who sailed to the West.[7] There were also narratives about other eponymic legendary figures;[8] according to one version, Ionius was a son of Adrias (eponymic for the Adriatic Sea); according to another, Ionius was a son of Dyrrhachus.[9] When Dyrrhachus was attacked by his own brothers, Heracles, who was passing through the area, came to his aid, but in the fight the hero killed his ally's son by mistake. The body was cast into the water, and thereafter was called the Ionian Sea.[9]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Ioniese See
Alemannisch: Ionisches Meer
aragonés: Mar Chonica
arpetan: Mar Ionièna
asturianu: Mar Xónicu
azərbaycanca: İon dənizi
تۆرکجه: یونان دنیزی
Bân-lâm-gú: Ionia Hái
башҡортса: Ион диңгеҙе
беларуская: Іанічнае мора
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Іянічнае мора
български: Йонийско море
bosanski: Jonsko more
brezhoneg: Mor Ionian
català: Mar Jònica
Чӑвашла: Ионио тинĕсĕ
čeština: Jónské moře
corsu: Mare Ioniu
Cymraeg: Môr Ionia
dolnoserbski: Ioniske mórjo
Ελληνικά: Ιόνιο Πέλαγος
español: Mar Jónico
Esperanto: Ionia Maro
euskara: Jonikoa
français: Mer Ionienne
Gaeilge: Muir Iónach
galego: Mar Xónico
한국어: 이오니아해
հայերեն: Հոնիական ծով
hornjoserbsce: Ioniske morjo
hrvatski: Jonsko more
Bahasa Indonesia: Laut Ionia
íslenska: Jónahaf
italiano: Mar Ionio
עברית: הים היוני
ქართული: იონიის ზღვა
қазақша: Ион теңізі
Кыргызча: Иония деңизи
Latina: Ionium mare
latviešu: Jonijas jūra
lietuvių: Jonijos jūra
Ligure: Mâ Ionio
Limburgs: Ionische Zieë
magyar: Jón-tenger
македонски: Јонско Море
მარგალური: იონიაშ ზუღა
Bahasa Melayu: Laut Ionia
монгол: Ионы тэнгис
Nederlands: Ionische Zee
Nedersaksies: Ioniese Zee
日本語: イオニア海
нохчийн: Ионийн хӀорд
norsk nynorsk: Det joniske havet
occitan: Mar Ioniana
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ioni dengizi
پنجابی: ایونی سمندر
português: Mar Jônico
română: Marea Ionică
Scots: Ionian Sea
shqip: Deti Jon
sicilianu: Mari Joniu
Simple English: Ionian Sea
slovenčina: Iónske more
slovenščina: Jonsko morje
српски / srpski: Јонско море
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jonsko more
svenska: Joniska havet
Tagalog: Dagat Jonico
tarandíne: Mar Jonio
татарча/tatarça: Ионик диңгез
Türkçe: İyonya Denizi
українська: Іонічне море
vèneto: Mar Jonio
Tiếng Việt: Biển Ionia
Winaray: Dagat Ionico
ייִדיש: יאנישער ים