## Interval (music) |

In **interval** is the difference in pitch between two sounds.^{[1]} An interval may be described as **horizontal**, **linear**, or **melodic** if it refers to successively sounding tones, such as two adjacent pitches in a melody, and **vertical** or **harmonic** if it pertains to simultaneously sounding tones, such as in a ^{[2]}^{[3]}

In

In physical terms, an interval is the

In Western music theory, the most common naming scheme for intervals describes two properties of the interval: the ^{[4]}

- size
- main intervals
- interval number and quality
- shorthand notation
- inversion
- classification
- minute intervals
- compound intervals
- intervals in chords
- size of intervals used in different tuning systems
- interval root
- interval cycles
- alternative interval naming conventions
- pitch-class intervals
- generic and specific intervals
- generalizations and non-pitch uses
- see also
- notes
- references
- external links

The size of an interval (also known as its width or height) can be represented using two alternative and equivalently valid methods, each appropriate to a different context: frequency ratios or cents.

The size of an interval between two notes may be measured by the *just intervals*, or *pure intervals*.

Most commonly, however, musical instruments are nowadays tuned using a different tuning system, called ^{7⁄12}:1, approximately equal to 1.498:1, or 2.997:2 (very close to 3:2). For a comparison between the size of intervals in different tuning systems, see § Size of intervals used in different tuning systems.

The standard system for comparing interval sizes is with

Mathematically, the size in cents of the interval from frequency *f*_{1} to frequency *f*_{2} is

Other Languages

العربية: مسافة (موسيقى)

български: Музикален интервал

català: Interval musical

čeština: Interval (hudba)

dansk: Toneinterval

Deutsch: Intervall (Musik)

eesti: Intervall (muusika)

Ελληνικά: Διάστημα (μουσική)

español: Intervalo (música)

Esperanto: Intervalo (muziko)

فارسی: فاصله (موسیقی)

français: Intervalle (musique)

Frysk: Ynterval

galego: Intervalo

한국어: 음정

հայերեն: Ինտերվալ (ձայնագիտություն)

hrvatski: Interval (glazbena teorija)

Bahasa Indonesia: Interval (musik)

íslenska: Tónbil

italiano: Intervallo (musica)

עברית: מרווח (מוזיקה)

ქართული: ინტერვალი (მუსიკა)

Кыргызча: Интервал

Latina: Intervallum (musica)

latviešu: Intervāls (mūzika)

lietuvių: Intervalas (muzika)

magyar: Hangköz

Nederlands: Interval (muziek)

日本語: 音程

Nordfriisk: Interval (Musiik)

norsk: Intervall (musikk)

polski: Interwał

português: Intervalo (música)

română: Interval (muzică)

русский: Интервал (музыка)

Simple English: Interval (music)

slovenčina: Interval (hudba)

slovenščina: Interval (glasba)

српски / srpski: Интервал (музика)

srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Interval (muzika)

suomi: Intervalli

svenska: Intervall (musik)

українська: Музичний інтервал

吴语: 音程

中文: 音程