Internet

Internet users per 100 population members and GDP per capita for selected countries.

The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail, telephony, and file sharing.

The origins of the Internet date back to research commissioned by the federal government of the United States in the 1960s to build robust, fault-tolerant communication with computer networks.[1] The primary precursor network, the ARPANET, initially served as a backbone for interconnection of regional academic and military networks in the 1980s. The funding of the National Science Foundation Network as a new backbone in the 1980s, as well as private funding for other commercial extensions, led to worldwide participation in the development of new networking technologies, and the merger of many networks.[2] The linking of commercial networks and enterprises by the early 1990s marked the beginning of the transition to the modern Internet,[3] and generated a sustained exponential growth as generations of institutional, personal, and mobile computers were connected to the network. Although the Internet was widely used by academia since the 1980s, the commercialization incorporated its services and technologies into virtually every aspect of modern life.

Most traditional communications media, including telephony, radio, television, paper mail and newspapers are reshaped, redefined, or even bypassed by the Internet, giving birth to new services such as email, Internet telephony, Internet television, online music, digital newspapers, and video streaming websites. Newspaper, book, and other print publishing are adapting to website technology, or are reshaped into blogging, web feeds and online news aggregators. The Internet has enabled and accelerated new forms of personal interactions through instant messaging, Internet forums, and social networking. Online shopping has grown exponentially both for major retailers and small businesses and entrepreneurs, as it enables firms to extend their "brick and mortar" presence to serve a larger market or even sell goods and services entirely online. Business-to-business and financial services on the Internet affect supply chains across entire industries.

The Internet has no centralized governance in either technological implementation or policies for access and usage; each constituent network sets its own policies.[4] Only the overreaching definitions of the two principal name spaces in the Internet, the Internet Protocol address (IP address) space and the Domain Name System (DNS), are directed by a maintainer organization, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). The technical underpinning and standardization of the core protocols is an activity of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), a non-profit organization of loosely affiliated international participants that anyone may associate with by contributing technical expertise.[5] In November 2006, the Internet was included on USA Today's list of New Seven Wonders.[6]

Terminology

The Internet Messenger by Buky Schwartz, located in Holon, Israel

When the term Internet is used to refer to the specific global system of interconnected Internet Protocol (IP) networks, the word is a proper noun[7] that should be written with an initial capital letter. In common use and the media, it is often erroneously not capitalized, viz. the internet. Some guides specify that the word should be capitalized when used as a noun, but not capitalized when used as an adjective.[8] The Internet is also often referred to as the Net, as a short form of network. Historically, as early as 1849, the word internetted was used uncapitalized as an adjective, meaning interconnected or interwoven.[9] The designers of early computer networks used internet both as a noun and as a verb in shorthand form of internetwork or internetworking, meaning interconnecting computer networks.[10]

The terms Internet and World Wide Web are often used interchangeably in everyday speech; it is common to speak of "going on the Internet" when using a web browser to view web pages. However, the World Wide Web or the Web is only one of a large number of Internet services. The Web is a collection of interconnected documents (web pages) and other web resources, linked by hyperlinks and URLs.[11] As another point of comparison, Hypertext Transfer Protocol, or HTTP, is the language used on the Web for information transfer, yet it is just one of many languages or protocols that can be used for communication on the Internet.[12] The term Interweb is a portmanteau of Internet and World Wide Web typically used sarcastically to parody a technically unsavvy user.

Other Languages
Acèh: Internèt
Afrikaans: Internet
Alemannisch: Internet
Ænglisc: Betweoxnett
العربية: إنترنت
aragonés: Internet
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܢܛܪܢܛ
armãneashti: Internet
অসমীয়া: ইণ্টাৰনেট
asturianu: Rede Internet
Avañe'ẽ: Internet
azərbaycanca: İnternet
تۆرکجه: اينترنت
bamanankan: Ɛntɛrinɛti
Bân-lâm-gú: Internet
Basa Banyumasan: Internet
башҡортса: Интернет
беларуская: Інтэрнэт
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Інтэрнэт
भोजपुरी: इंटरनेट
Bikol Central: Internet
български: Интернет
Boarisch: Internetz
bosanski: Internet
brezhoneg: Internet
буряад: Интернет
català: Internet
Чӑвашла: Тетел
Cebuano: Internet
čeština: Internet
chiShona: Danhautande
Cymraeg: Rhyngrwyd
dansk: Internet
Deutsch: Internet
eesti: Internet
Ελληνικά: Διαδίκτυο
emiliàn e rumagnòl: La Raid däl Raid
эрзянь: Интернет
español: Internet
Esperanto: Interreto
estremeñu: Internet
euskara: Internet
فارسی: اینترنت
Fiji Hindi: Internet
føroyskt: Internet
français: Internet
Frysk: Ynternet
furlan: Internet
Gaeilge: Idirlíon
Gàidhlig: Eadar-lìon
galego: Internet
贛語: 互聯網
ગુજરાતી: ઇન્ટરનેટ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Internet
хальмг: Интернет
한국어: 인터넷
Hausa: Yanar gizo
հայերեն: Համացանց
हिन्दी: अंतरजाल
hornjoserbsce: Internet
hrvatski: Internet
Igbo: Intanet
Ilokano: Internet
Bahasa Indonesia: Internet
interlingua: Internet
Interlingue: Internet
isiZulu: I-Intanethi
íslenska: Internetið
italiano: Internet
עברית: אינטרנט
Basa Jawa: Internèt
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಂತರ್ಜಾಲ
Kapampangan: Aptas
ქართული: ინტერნეტი
kaszëbsczi: Internet
қазақша: Интернет
Kiswahili: Intaneti
Kreyòl ayisyen: Entènet
kurdî: Înternet
Кыргызча: Интернет
лезги: Интернет
latgaļu: Škārsteiklys
Latina: Interrete
latviešu: Internets
Lëtzebuergesch: Internet
lietuvių: Internetas
Ligure: Internet
Limburgs: Internet
lingála: Ɛntɛrnɛ́tɛ
Livvinkarjala: Internet
lumbaart: Internet
magyar: Internet
македонски: Интернет
Malagasy: Aterineto
मराठी: महाजाल
მარგალური: ინტერნეტი
مصرى: انترنت
مازِرونی: اینترنت
Bahasa Melayu: Internet
Baso Minangkabau: Internet
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Internet
Mirandés: Anternete
монгол: Интернэт
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အင်တာနက်
Nāhuatl: Matlatzalantli
Nederlands: Internet
Nedersaksies: Internet
नेपाली: इन्टरनेट
नेपाल भाषा: इन्तरनेत
Napulitano: Internet
нохчийн: Интермаша
norsk: Internett
norsk nynorsk: Internett
Nouormand: Enternette
occitan: Internet
олык марий: Интернет
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଇଣ୍ଟରନେଟ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Internet
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਇੰਟਰਨੈੱਟ
Pangasinan: Internet
پنجابی: انٹرنیٹ
Papiamentu: Internet
پښتو: انټرنېټ
Patois: Intanet
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អ៊ីនធើណេត
Piemontèis: Ragnà
Tok Pisin: Intanet
Plattdüütsch: Internet
polski: Internet
português: Internet
Qaraqalpaqsha: İnternet
Ripoarisch: Engornät
română: Internet
rumantsch: Internet
Runa Simi: Internet
русиньскый: Інтернет
русский: Интернет
саха тыла: Интэриниэт
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱤᱱᱴᱚᱨᱱᱮᱴ
संस्कृतम्: अन्तर्जालम्
Sängö: Gbândasango
sardu: Ìnternet
Scots: Internet
Seeltersk: Internet
shqip: Interneti
sicilianu: Internet
Simple English: Internet
سنڌي: انٽرنيٽ
slovenčina: Internet
slovenščina: Internet
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Мєждоусѣтиѥ
ślůnski: Internec
Soomaaliga: Internet
کوردی: ئینتەرنێت
српски / srpski: Интернет
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Internet
Basa Sunda: Internét
suomi: Internet
svenska: Internet
Tagalog: Internet
தமிழ்: இணையம்
Taqbaylit: Internet
татарча/tatarça: Интернет
తెలుగు: అంతర్జాలము
tetun: Internet
тоҷикӣ: Интернет
Türkçe: İnternet
Türkmençe: Wikipedia
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Arekwël
українська: Інтернет
اردو: انٹرنیٹ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: تور (ئىنتېرنېت)
Vahcuengh: Hulenzvangj
vèneto: Internet
vepsän kel’: Internet
Tiếng Việt: Internet
Volapük: Vüresod
Võro: Internet
walon: Etrernete
West-Vlams: Internet
Winaray: Internet
Wolof: Internet
吴语: 互聯網
Xitsonga: Inthaneti
ייִדיש: אינטערנעץ
Yorùbá: Internet
粵語: 互聯網
Zazaki: İnternet
žemaitėška: Internets
中文: 互联网
Lingua Franca Nova: Interede