Industrial park

Part of the Municipal Airport industrial complex, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

An industrial park (also known as industrial estate, trading estate) is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development. An industrial park can be thought of as a more "heavyweight" version of a business park or office park, which has offices and light industry, rather than heavy industry.

Benefits

Industrial zone in Dakar (Senegal)
Industrial zone in Trier-Zewen, (Germany)

Industrial parks are usually located on the edges of, or outside the main residential area of a city, and normally provided with good transportation access, including road and rail.[1] One such example would be the large number of industrial estates located along the River Thames in the Thames Gateway area of London. Industrial parks are usually located close to transport facilities, especially where more than one transport modes coincide, including highways, railroads, airports and ports.

This idea of setting land aside through this type of zoning is based on several concepts:

  • To be able to concentrate dedicated infrastructure in a delimited area to reduce the per-business expense of that infrastructure. Such infrastructure includes roadways, railroad sidings, ports, high-power electric supplies (often including three-phase electric power), high-end communications cables, large-volume water supplies, and high-volume gas lines.[2]
  • To be able to attract new business by providing an integrated infrastructure in one location.
  • Eligibility of Industrial Parks for benefits[3][4]
  • To set aside industrial uses from urban areas to try to reduce the environmental and social impact of the industrial uses.
  • To provide for localized environmental controls that are specific to the needs of an industrial area.
Other Languages
العربية: منطقة صناعية
Deutsch: Industriepark
euskara: Industrialde
français: Parc industriel
한국어: 산업단지
Bahasa Melayu: Taman industri
Nederlands: Industriegebied
日本語: 工業団地
norsk nynorsk: Industriområde
português: Parque industrial
română: Parc industrial
Simple English: Industrial park
Türkçe: Sanayi sitesi
Tiếng Việt: Khu công nghiệp
walon: Zonigne
吴语: 工业园区
粵語: 工業邨
中文: 工業園區