Indiana

State of Indiana
Flag of IndianaState seal of Indiana
FlagSeal
Nickname(s): The Hoosier State
Motto(s): The Crossroads of America
State song(s): "On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away"
Map of the United States with Indiana highlighted
Official languageEnglish
Spoken languagesEnglish, Spanish, other languages
DemonymHoosier
Capital
(and largest city)
Indianapolis
Largest metroGreater Indianapolis
AreaRanked 38th
 • Total36,418 sq mi
(94,321 km2)
 • Width140 miles (225 km)
 • Length270 miles (435 km)
 • % water1.5
 • Latitude37° 46′ N to 41° 46′ N
 • Longitude84° 47′ W to 88° 6′ W
PopulationRanked 17th
 • Total6,666,818 (2017 est.)[1]
 • Density183/sq mi  (70.7/km2)
Ranked 16th
 • Median household income$51,983 [2] (35th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointHoosier Hill[3][4]
1,257 ft (383 m)
 • Mean700 ft  (210 m)
 • Lowest pointConfluence of Ohio River and Wabash River[3][4]
320 ft (97 m)
Before statehoodIndiana Territory
Admission to UnionDecember 11, 1816 (19th)
GovernorEric Holcomb (R)
Lieutenant GovernorSuzanne Crouch (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseIndiana Senate
 • Lower houseIndiana House of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsJoe Donnelly (D)
Todd Young (R)
U.S. House delegation7 Republicans,
2 Democrats (list)
Time zones 
 • 80 countiesEastern: UTC −5/−4
 • 12 countiesCentral: UTC −6/−5
ISO 3166US-IN
AbbreviationsIN, Ind.
Websitewww.in.gov
Indiana state symbols
Flag of Indiana.svg
Indiana-StateSeal.svg
Living insignia
BirdCardinal
FishLargemouth Bass
FlowerPeony
InsectSay's Firefly[5]
TreeTulip tree
Inanimate insignia
ColorsBlue and gold
FirearmGrouseland Rifle
FoodSugar cream pie
MottoThe Crossroads of America
Poem"Indiana"
RockSalem Limestone
ShipUSS Indianapolis (4), USS Indiana (4)
SloganHonest to Goodness Indiana
SoilMiami
Songofficial "On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away" unofficial "Back Home Again in Indiana"
SportBasketball
OtherRiver: Wabash
State route marker
Indiana state route marker
State quarter
Indiana quarter dollar coin
Released in 2002
Lists of United States state symbols

Indiana ə/ (About this sound listen) is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 38th largest by area and the 17th most populous of the 50 United States. Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U.S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, and Illinois to the west.

Before becoming a territory, varying cultures of indigenous peoples and historic Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Since its founding as a territory, settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States; the state's northernmost tier was settled primarily by people from New England and New York, Central Indiana by migrants from the Mid-Atlantic states and from adjacent Ohio, and Southern Indiana by settlers from the Southern states, particularly Kentucky and Tennessee.[6]

Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $341.9 billion in 2016.[7] Indiana has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, and hosts several notable athletic events, such as the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races.

Etymology

Indiana's welcome signs feature the state motto "Crossroads of America."

The state's name means "Land of the Indians", or simply "Indian Land".[8] It also stems from Indiana's territorial history. On May 7, 1800, the United States Congress passed legislation to divide the Northwest Territory into two areas and named the western section the Indiana Territory. In 1816, when Congress passed an Enabling Act to begin the process of establishing statehood for Indiana, a part of this territorial land became the geographic area for the new state.[9][10][11]

A resident of Indiana is officially known as a Hoosier.[12] The etymology of this word is disputed, but the leading theory, as advanced by the Indiana Historical Bureau and the Indiana Historical Society, has "Hoosier" originating from Virginia, the Carolinas, and Tennessee (a part of the Upland South region of the United States) as a term for a backwoodsman, a rough countryman, or a country bumpkin.[13][14]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Indiana
አማርኛ: ኢንዲያና
Ænglisc: Indiǣna
العربية: إنديانا
aragonés: Indiana
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܢܕܝܐܢܐ
arpetan: Indiana
asturianu: Indiana
Avañe'ẽ: Indiana
Aymar aru: Indiana suyu
azərbaycanca: İndiana
Bân-lâm-gú: Indiana
беларуская: Індыяна
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Індыяна
भोजपुरी: इंडियाना
Bikol Central: Indiana
Bislama: Indiana
български: Индиана
bosanski: Indiana
brezhoneg: Indiana
буряад: Индиана
català: Indiana
Чӑвашла: Индиана
čeština: Indiana
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Indiana
corsu: Indiana
Cymraeg: Indiana
dansk: Indiana
davvisámegiella: Indiana
Deitsch: Indiana
Deutsch: Indiana
eesti: Indiana
Ελληνικά: Ιντιάνα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Indiàna
español: Indiana
Esperanto: Indianao
euskara: Indiana
فارسی: ایندیانا
Fiji Hindi: Indiana
føroyskt: Indiana
français: Indiana
Frysk: Indiana
Gaeilge: Indiana
Gaelg: Indiana
Gagauz: Indiana
Gàidhlig: Indiana
galego: Indiana
ગુજરાતી: ઇન્ડિયાના
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Indiana
хальмг: Индиана
한국어: 인디애나 주
Hawaiʻi: ‘Inikiana
Հայերեն: Ինդիանա
हिन्दी: इण्डियाना
hornjoserbsce: Indiana
hrvatski: Indiana
Ido: Indiana
Igbo: Ndiánà
Ilokano: Indiana
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ইন্ডিয়ানা
Bahasa Indonesia: Indiana
interlingua: Indiana
Interlingue: Indiana
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐃᓐᑎᐋᓈ
Iñupiak: Indiana
Ирон: Индианæ
isiZulu: Indiana
íslenska: Indiana (fylki)
italiano: Indiana
עברית: אינדיאנה
Basa Jawa: Indiana
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಇಂಡಿಯಾನಾ
Kapampangan: Indiana
ქართული: ინდიანა
қазақша: Индиана
kernowek: Indiana
Kiswahili: Indiana
Kreyòl ayisyen: Indiana
kurdî: Indiana
кырык мары: Индиана
Ladino: Indiana
لۊری شومالی: ئیندیانا
Latina: Indiana
latviešu: Indiāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Indiana
lietuvių: Indiana
Ligure: Indiann-a
Limburgs: Indiana
lumbaart: Indiana
magyar: Indiana
मैथिली: इन्डियाना
македонски: Индијана
Malagasy: Indiana
മലയാളം: ഇന്ത്യാന
Māori: Indiana
मराठी: इंडियाना
მარგალური: ინდიანა
مصرى: انديانا
مازِرونی: ایندیانا
Bahasa Melayu: Indiana
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Indiana
монгол: Индиана
Dorerin Naoero: Indiana
Nederlands: Indiana
नेपाली: इन्डियाना
नेपाल भाषा: इन्दियाना
нохчийн: Индиана
Nordfriisk: Indiana
norsk: Indiana
norsk nynorsk: Indiana
occitan: Indiana
олык марий: Индиана
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Indiana
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਇੰਡੀਆਨਾ
پنجابی: انڈیانا
Papiamentu: Indiana
Piemontèis: Indian-a
Plattdüütsch: Indiana
polski: Indiana
português: Indiana
Ripoarisch: Indiana
română: Indiana
rumantsch: Indiana
Runa Simi: Indiana suyu
русский: Индиана
саха тыла: Индиана
संस्कृतम्: इण्डियाना
sardu: Indiana
Scots: Indiana
Seeltersk: Indiana
shqip: Indiana
sicilianu: Indiana
Simple English: Indiana
slovenčina: Indiana
slovenščina: Indiana
ślůnski: Indiana
کوردی: ئیندیانا
српски / srpski: Индијана
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Indiana
suomi: Indiana
svenska: Indiana
Tagalog: Indiana
Taqbaylit: Indiana
татарча/tatarça: Индиана
తెలుగు: ఇండియానా
Türkçe: Indiana
українська: Індіана
اردو: انڈیانا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Indiyanna Shitati
Tiếng Việt: Indiana
Volapük: Indiana
Winaray: Indiana
ייִדיש: אינדיאנע
Yorùbá: Indiana
Zazaki: İndiana
žemaitėška: Ėndiana
Kabɩyɛ: Indiyaanaa
Lingua Franca Nova: Indiana