## Indian mathematics |

**Indian mathematics** emerged in the ^{[1]} from 1200 BC^{[2]} until the end of the 18th century. In the classical period of Indian mathematics (400 AD to 1200 AD), important contributions were made by scholars like ^{[3]} was first recorded in Indian mathematics.^{[4]} Indian mathematicians made early contributions to the study of the concept of ^{[5]} ^{[6]} ^{[7]} In addition, ^{[8]}was further advanced in India, and, in particular, the modern definitions of ^{[9]} These mathematical concepts were transmitted to the Middle East, China, and Europe^{[7]} and led to further developments that now form the foundations of many areas of mathematics.

Ancient and medieval Indian mathematical works, all composed in * sutras* in which a set of rules or problems were stated with great economy in verse in order to aid memorization by a student. This was followed by a second section consisting of a prose commentary (sometimes multiple commentaries by different scholars) that explained the problem in more detail and provided justification for the solution. In the prose section, the form (and therefore its memorization) was not considered so important as the ideas involved.

A later landmark in Indian mathematics was the development of the ^{[13]} However, they did not formulate a systematic theory of *direct* evidence of their results being transmitted outside ^{[14]}^{[15]}^{[16]}^{[17]}

- prehistory
- vedic period
- pingala (300 bce – 200 bce)
- jain mathematics (400 bce – 200 ce)
- oral tradition
- the written tradition: prose commentary
- numerals and the decimal number system
- bakhshali manuscript
- classical period (400–1600)
- kerala mathematics (1300–1600)
- charges of eurocentrism
- see also
- notes
- references
- further reading
- external links

Excavations at ^{[18]}

The inhabitants of Indus civilisation also tried to standardise measurement of length to a high degree of accuracy. They designed a ruler—the *Mohenjo-daro ruler*—whose unit of length (approximately 1.32 inches or 3.4 centimetres) was divided into ten equal parts. Bricks manufactured in ancient Mohenjo-daro often had dimensions that were integral multiples of this unit of length.^{[19]}^{[20]}

Hollow cylindrical objects made of shell and found at ^{[21]}

Other Languages

العربية: رياضيات هندية

বাংলা: ভারতীয় গণিত

bosanski: Indijska matematika

català: Matemàtiques a l'Índia

Deutsch: Indische Mathematik

Ελληνικά: Ινδικά μαθηματικά

español: Matemática en la India

français: Mathématiques indiennes

हिन्दी: भारतीय गणित

hrvatski: Indijska matematika

ಕನ್ನಡ: ಭಾರತೀಯ ಗಣಿತಜ್ಞರು

मराठी: भारतीय गणित

Bahasa Melayu: Matematik India

Nederlands: Indiase wiskunde

नेपाल भाषा: भारतीय गणितिज्ञतेगु धलः

日本語: インドの数学

norsk nynorsk: Indisk matematikk

ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਭਾਰਤੀ ਗਣਿਤ

português: Matemática indiana

русский: История математики в Индии

संस्कृतम्: प्राचीनगणितम्

shqip: Matematika indase

српски / srpski: Индијска математика

srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Indijska matematika

தமிழ்: இந்தியக் கணித வரலாறு