Iain Banks

Iain Banks
Banks at the Edinburgh International Book Festival, 18 August 2009
Banks at the Edinburgh International Book Festival, 18 August 2009
Born16 February 1954
Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
Died9 June 2013(2013-06-09) (aged 59)
Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland
Pen nameIain M. Banks
EducationUniversity of Stirling (BA)
SpouseBarbara Ann (Annie) Blackburn (died 2009) (20 March 1992–2009;[1][2][3] divorced)
Adele Hartley (29 March 2013 – 9 June 2013; his death)

Iain Banks (16 February 1954 – 9 June 2013) was a Scottish author. He wrote mainstream fiction under the name Iain Banks and science fiction as Iain M. Banks, including the initial of his adopted middle name Menzies (z/ (About this soundlisten)).

After the publication and success of The Wasp Factory (1984), Banks began to write on a full-time basis. His first science fiction book, Consider Phlebas, was released in 1987, marking the start of the Culture series. His books have been adapted for theatre, radio and television. In 2008, The Times named Banks in their list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945".[5] In April 2013, Banks announced that he had inoperable cancer and was unlikely to live beyond a year.[6] He died on 9 June 2013.[7]

Early life

Banks was born in Dunfermline, Fife, to a mother who was a professional ice skater and a father who was an officer in the Admiralty. An only child, Banks lived in North Queensferry until the age of nine, near the naval dockyards in Rosyth where his father was based.[8][9] Banks's family then moved to Gourock due to the requirements of his father's work.[10] When someone introduced him to science fiction by giving him Kemlo and the Zones of Silence, he continued reading the Kemlo series which made him want to write science fiction himself.[11][12] After attending Gourock and Greenock High Schools, Banks studied English, philosophy and psychology at the University of Stirling (1972–1975).[10][13]

After graduation Banks chose a succession of jobs that left him free to write in the evenings. These posts supported his writing throughout his twenties and allowed him to take long breaks between contracts, during which time he travelled through Europe and North America. He was an expediter analyser for IBM, a technician for the British Steel Corporation and a costing clerk for a Chancery Lane, London, law firm during this period of his life.[8]

Other Languages
العربية: لاين بانكس
azərbaycanca: İen Benks
български: Иън Банкс
català: Iain M. Banks
čeština: Iain Banks
Cymraeg: Iain Banks
dansk: Iain Banks
Deutsch: Iain Banks
eesti: Iain Banks
español: Iain Banks
Esperanto: Iain Banks
euskara: Iain Banks
français: Iain Banks
Gaeilge: Iain Banks
Gàidhlig: Iain Banks
galego: Iain Banks
한국어: 이언 뱅크스
hrvatski: Iain Banks
Bahasa Indonesia: Iain Banks
italiano: Iain Banks
Кыргызча: Иэн Бэнкс
magyar: Iain Banks
Nederlands: Iain Banks
norsk: Iain Banks
norsk nynorsk: Iain M. Banks
polski: Iain Banks
português: Iain M. Banks
română: Iain Banks
русский: Бэнкс, Иэн
Scots: Iain Banks
Simple English: Iain Banks
slovenščina: Iain Banks
српски / srpski: Ијан Бенкс
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Iain Banks
suomi: Iain Banks
svenska: Iain Banks
українська: Ієн Бенкс