INSEE code

The INSEE code is a numerical indexing code used by the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) to identify various entities, including communes, départements. They are also used as national identification numbers given to people.

Created under Vichy

Although today this national identification number is used by social security in France and is present on each person's social security card (carte Vitale), it was originally created under Vichy France under the guise of the Registration Number to the National Directory of Identification of Physical People (Numéro d'inscription au répertoire des personnes physiques, NIRPP or simply NIR). The latter was originally to be used as a clandestine military recruitment tool, but at the end served to identify Jews, gypsies, and other "undesirable" populations under Vichy's conceptions. The first digit of the NIR was 1 for a male European, 2 for a female European, 3 for a male Muslim, 4 for a female Muslim, 5 for a male Jew, 6 for a female Jew, 7 for a male foreigner, 8 for a female foreigner, while 9 and 0 were reserved for persons of undetermined racial status.

The Demographic Service was created in 1940 in order to replace the military recruitment office prohibited by the June 1940 Armistice with Nazi Germany. On October 11, 1941, the Demographic Service absorbed the former General Statistics of France (SGF, created in 1833). The new organization was called the National Statistical Service (Service national des statistiques, SNS).

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Code Insee
العربية: رمز إنسي
aragonés: Codigo INSEE
azərbaycanca: INSEE
беларуская: Код INSEE
brezhoneg: Kod INSEE
català: Codi INSEE
Deutsch: Code INSEE
español: Código INSEE
euskara: INSEE kodea
français: Code Insee
italiano: Codice INSEE
қазақша: INSEE коды
Latina: Code INSEE
Lëtzebuergesch: Code Insee
magyar: INSEE-kód
Bahasa Melayu: Kod INSEE
Nederlands: Code INSEE
日本語: INSEEコード
Nordfriisk: Code Insee
occitan: Còdi INSEE
română: Cod Insee
русский: Код INSEE
Scots: INSEE code
shqip: Kodi INSEE
slovenščina: Koda INSEE
svenska: Insee-nummer
اردو: انسی کوڈ
中文: INSEE编码