Hylidae

Hylidae
Temporal range: 57–0 Ma Paleocene – recent[1]
Agalychnis callidryas.jpg
Red-eyed tree frog, Agalychnis callidryas
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Amphibia
Order:Anura
Suborder:Neobatrachia
Family:Hylidae
Rafinesque, 1815
Genera

See text.

Hylidae distrib.PNG
Distribution of Hylidae (in black)

The Hylidae are a wide-ranging family of frogs commonly referred to as "tree frogs and their allies". However, the hylids include a diversity of frog species, many of which do not live in trees, but are terrestrial or semiaquatic.

Characteristics

Most hylids show adaptations suitable for an arboreal lifestyle, including forward-facing eyes providing binocular vision, and adhesive pads on the fingers and toes. In the nonarboreal species, these features may be greatly reduced, or absent. The Cyclorana species are burrowing frogs that spend much of their lives underground.[1]

Hylids mostly feed on insects and other invertebrates, but some larger species can feed on small vertebrates.

Hylids lay their eggs in a range of different locations, depending on species. Many use ponds, or puddles that collect in the holes of their trees, while others use bromeliads or other water-holding plants. Other species lay their eggs on the leaves of vegetation hanging over water, allowing the tadpoles to drop into the pond when they hatch.[1]

A few species use fast-flowing streams, attaching the eggs firmly to the substrate. The tadpoles of these species have suckers enabling them to hold on to rocks after they hatch. Another unusual adaptation is found in some South American hylids, which brood the eggs on the back of the female. The tadpoles of most hylid species have laterally placed eyes and broad tails with narrow, filamentous tips.[1]

Other Languages
العربية: شرغوفيات
asturianu: Hylidae
azərbaycanca: Ağacqurbağaları
беларуская: Квакшы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Квакшы
български: Дървесници
català: Hílids
Cebuano: Hylidae
čeština: Rosničkovití
dansk: Løvfrøer
español: Hylidae
Esperanto: Hiledoj
euskara: Hylidae
français: Hylidae
galego: Hílidos
한국어: 청개구리과
հայերեն: Ծառագորտեր
italiano: Hylidae
עברית: אילניתיים
Latina: Hylidae
latviešu: Kokvaržu dzimta
lietuvių: Medvarlinės
Nāhuatl: Calatl
Nederlands: Boomkikkers
occitan: Hylidae
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Baqaqurilloqlar
پنجابی: رکھ ڈڈو
polski: Rzekotkowate
português: Hylidae
română: Hilide
русский: Квакши
Scots: Hylidae
Simple English: Hylidae
svenska: Lövgrodor
українська: Райкові
Tiếng Việt: Họ Nhái bén
Winaray: Hylidae
中文: 樹蟾科