Hunting

An illustration of boar hunting from the Tacuinum Sanitatis (a medieval handbook on health and wellbeing; 14th century)
Velázquez's portrait of Cardinal Fernando, Infante of Spain and Governor General of the Southern Spanish Netherlands, with his hunting dog and gun (c. 1633).
Giuseppe Castiglione: The Qianlong Emperor Hunting Hare, 1755
George Stubbs: Cheetah with Two Indian Attendants and a Stag, 1765
A family bird-hunting, by Antonio Cabral Bejarano, 1838
A Maratha hunting party from India, 1887

Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping animals, or pursuing or tracking them with the intent of doing so. Hunting wildlife or feral animals is most commonly done by humans for food, recreation, to remove predators that are dangerous to humans or domestic animals, or for trade. Lawful hunting is distinguished from poaching, which is the illegal killing, trapping or capture of the hunted species. The species that are hunted are referred to as game or prey and are usually mammals and birds.

Hunting has long been a practice used to procure meat for human consumption. The meat from a healthy wild animal (such as a deer) that has lived its life freely and on a natural diet of plants generally has a higher nutritional quality than that of a domestic animal that has been raised in an unnatural way. Hunting an animal for its meat can also be seen as a more natural way to obtain animal protein since regulated hunting does not cause the same environmental issues as raising domestic animals for meat, especially on factory farms.

Hunting can also be a means of pest control. Hunting advocates state that hunting can be a necessary component[1] of modern wildlife management, for example, to help maintain a population of healthy animals within an environment's ecological carrying capacity when natural checks such as predators are absent or very rare.[2] However, excessive hunting has also heavily contributed to the endangerment, extirpation and extinction of many animals.[3]

The pursuit, capture and release, or capture for food of fish is called fishing, which is not commonly categorised as a form of hunting. It is also not considered hunting to pursue animals without intent to kill them, as in wildlife photography, birdwatching, or scientific research activities which involve tranquilizing or tagging of animals or birds. The practice of foraging or gathering materials from plants and mushrooms is also considered separate from hunting.

Skillful tracking and acquisition of an elusive target has caused the word hunt to be used in the vernacular as a metaphor, as in treasure hunting, "bargain hunting", and even "hunting down" corruption and waste.

Animal rights activists argue that hunting is cruel, unnecessary, and unethical.[4][5]

Etymology

The word hunt serves as both a noun ("to be on a hunt") and a verb. The noun has been dated to the early 12th century, "act of chasing game," from the verb hunt. Old English had huntung, huntoþ. The meaning of "a body of persons associated for the purpose of hunting with a pack of hounds" is first recorded in the 1570s. Meaning "the act of searching for someone or something" is from about 1600.

The verb, Old English huntian "to chase game" (transitive and intransitive), perhaps developed from hunta "hunter," is related to hentan "to seize," from Proto-Germanic huntojan (the source also of Gothic hinþan "to seize, capture," Old High German hunda "booty"), which is of uncertain origin. The general sense of "search diligently" (for anything) is first recorded c. 1200.[6]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Jag
العربية: صيد
aragonés: Caza
asturianu: Caza
azərbaycanca: Ovçuluq
تۆرکجه: آوچولوق
বাংলা: শিকার
Bahasa Banjar: Bagarit
Bân-lâm-gú: Phah-la̍h
башҡортса: Һунар
беларуская: Паляванне
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Паляваньне
български: Лов
བོད་ཡིག: རྔོན་པ།
bosanski: Lov
brezhoneg: Chaseal
català: Caça
Чӑвашла: Сунар
čeština: Lov
Cymraeg: Hela
dansk: Jagt
Deutsch: Jagd
Ελληνικά: Κυνήγι
español: Caza
Esperanto: Ĉasado
euskara: Ehiza
فارسی: شکار
français: Chasse
Gaeilge: Fiach
galego: Cinexética
한국어: 사냥
हिन्दी: शिकार
hrvatski: Lov
Ido: Chasado
Bahasa Indonesia: Perburuan
italiano: Caccia
עברית: ציד
Kabɩyɛ: Lakʋ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬೇಟೆ
ქართული: ნადირობა
қазақша: Аңшылық
Kiswahili: Uwindaji
Kreyòl ayisyen: Lachas
Кыргызча: Аңчылык
Latina: Venatio
latviešu: Medniecība
Lëtzebuergesch: Juegd
lietuvių: Medžioklė
Limburgs: Jach
magyar: Vadászat
македонски: Лов
मराठी: शिकार
Bahasa Melayu: Pemburuan
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အမဲလိုက်ခြင်း
Nederlands: Jacht (activiteit)
नेपाली: शिकार
日本語: 狩猟
norsk: Jakt
norsk nynorsk: Jakt
Nouormand: Cache (partie)
occitan: Caça
олык марий: Сонар
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸ਼ਿਕਾਰ
polski: Polowanie
português: Caça
română: Vânătoare
Runa Simi: Chaku
русиньскый: Полёваня
русский: Охота
Scots: Huntin
shqip: Gjuetia
sicilianu: Caccia
සිංහල: දඩයම
Simple English: Hunting
slovenčina: Lov
slovenščina: Lov
Soomaaliga: Ugaadhsi
српски / srpski: Лов
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lov
Basa Sunda: Moro
suomi: Metsästys
svenska: Jakt
Tagalog: Pangangaso
తెలుగు: వేట
Türkçe: Avcılık
Türkmençe: Aw
українська: Полювання
اردو: شکار
Tiếng Việt: Săn
walon: Tchesse
Winaray: Panganop
粵語: 打獵
中文: 狩獵