Hungarians

Magyarok
Feszty vezerek.jpg
Total population
c. 13.1–14.7 million[note 1]
Regions with significant populations
Hungary Hungary 8,504,492[1][note 2] – 9,827,875[2][note 3]
 United States1,437,694  (2013)[3]
 Romania1,227,623  (2011)[4]
 Slovakia[note 4]458,467  (2011)[5]
 Canada315,510  (2006)[6]
 Serbia253,899  (2011)[7]
 Ukraine156,566  (2001)[8]
 Germany156,812[9]
 France100,000–200,000  (2004)[10]
 Brazil80,000[11]
 Austria77,174  (2018)[12]
 Australia67,616[13]
 United Kingdom52,250  (2011)
 Sweden40,000–70,000
 Denmark50,000-55,000
 Argentina40,000–50,000
 Croatia16,595  (2001)[14]
 Israelc. 10,000-200,000
 Ireland8,034  (2011)[15]
 Italy7,708  (2015)[16]
 Turkey6,800  (2001)[3]
 Slovenia6,243  (2002)[17]
 Czech Republic4,102  (2016)[18]
 Russia3,768  (2002)[19]
 Norway2,214  (2017)[20]
 Macedonia2,003  (2002)[21]
 Poland2,000 (2011)[22]
 New Zealandc. 2,000[23]
Languages
Hungarian
Religion
Christianity: Roman Catholicism;[24]
Protestantism (chiefly Calvinism, Unitarianism and Lutheranism); Greek Catholic; Judaism; Islam.
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Hungarians, also known as Magyars (Hungarian: magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország) and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture, history and speak the Hungarian language. Hungarians belong to the Uralic speaking peoples. There are an estimated 13.1–14.7 million ethnic Hungarians and their descendants worldwide, of whom 8.5–9.8 million live in today's Hungary (as of 2011).[25] About 2.2 million Hungarians live in areas that were part of the Kingdom of Hungary before the Treaty of Trianon and are now parts of Hungary's seven neighbouring countries, especially Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria. Significant groups of people with Hungarian ancestry live in various other parts of the world, most of them in the United States, Canada, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Brazil, Australia, and Argentina. Hungarians can be classified into several subgroups according to local linguistic and cultural characteristics; subgroups with distinct identities include the Székelys, the Csángós, the Palóc, the Matyó and the Jász people, the last being considered an Iranic ethnic group being closely related to the Ossetians.

Name

The Hungarians' own ethnonym to denote themselves in the Early Middle Ages is uncertain. The exonym "Hungarian" is thought to be derived from Oghur-Turkic On-Ogur (literally "Ten Arrows" or "Ten Tribes"). Another possible explanation comes from the Old Russian "Yugra" ("Югра"). It may refer to the Hungarians during a time when they dwelt east of the Ural Mountains along the natural borders of Europe and Asia before their conquest of the Carpathian Basin.[26]

Prior to the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin in 895/6 and while they lived on the steppes of Eastern Europe east of the Carpathian Mountains, written sources called the Magyars "Hungarians", specifically: "Ungri" by Georgius Monachus in 837, "Ungri" by Annales Bertiniani in 862, and "Ungari" by the Annales ex Annalibus Iuvavensibus in 881. The Magyars/Hungarians probably belonged to the Onogur tribal alliance, and it is possible that they became its ethnic majority.[27] In the Early Middle Ages, the Hungarians had many names, including "Węgrzy" (Polish), "Ungherese" (Italian), "Ungar" (German), and "Hungarus".[28] The "H-" prefix is a later addition of Medieval Latin.

The Hungarian people refer to themselves by the demonym "Magyar" rather than "Hungarian".[27] "Magyar" is Finno-Ugric[29] from the Old Hungarian "mogyër". "Magyar" possibly derived from the name of the most prominent Hungarian tribe, the "Megyer". The tribal name "Megyer" became "Magyar" in reference to the Hungarian people as a whole.[30][31][32] "Magyar" may also derive from the Hunnic "Muageris" or "Mugel".[33]

The Greek cognate of "Tourkia" (Greek: Τουρκία) was used by the scholar and Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII "Porphyrogenitus" in his De Administrando Imperio of c. AD 950,[34][35] though in his use, "Turks" always referred to Magyars.[36] This was a misnomer, as while the Magyars had adopted some Turkic cultural traits, they are not a Turkic people.

The historical Latin phrase "Natio Hungarica" ("Hungarian nation") had a wider and political meaning because it once referred to all nobles of the Kingdom of Hungary, regardless of their ethnicity or mother tongue.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Hongare
Alemannisch: Magyaren
العربية: مجريون
aragonés: Hongaros
авар: Венграл
azərbaycanca: Macarlar
Bân-lâm-gú: Hông-gâ-lī-lâng
башҡортса: Венгрҙар
беларуская: Венгры
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вугорцы
български: Унгарци
bosanski: Mađari
català: Magiar
čeština: Maďaři
dansk: Ungarere
Deutsch: Magyaren
dolnoserbski: Hungory
eesti: Ungarlased
Ελληνικά: Ούγγροι
эрзянь: Мадьярт
español: Pueblo magiar
Esperanto: Hungaroj
euskara: Hungariar
فارسی: مردم مجار
français: Magyars
Gaeilge: Ungáraigh
galego: Pobo maxiar
한국어: 헝가리인
hrvatski: Mađari
Bahasa Indonesia: Bangsa Hongaria
italiano: Magiari
עברית: מדיארים
ქართული: უნგრელები
қазақша: Мажарлар
kurdî: Macar
Кыргызча: Венгрлер
Latina: Hungari
latviešu: Ungāri
lietuvių: Vengrai
magyar: Magyarok
македонски: Унгарци
Nederlands: Hongaren
日本語: マジャル人
нохчийн: Мажарш
norsk: Madjarer
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Vengerlar
polski: Węgrzy
português: Magiares
română: Maghiari
русиньскый: Мадяре
русский: Венгры
Scots: Hungarians
slovenčina: Maďari
slovenščina: Madžari
српски / srpski: Мађари
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mađari
svenska: Ungrare
татарча/tatarça: Маҗарлар
Türkçe: Macarlar
тыва дыл: Венгр
українська: Угорці
Tiếng Việt: Người Hungary
West-Vlams: Magyoarn
ייִדיש: מאזשיארן
粵語: 匈牙利人
中文: 马扎尔人