Hungarian Revolution of 1848

Hungarian Revolution of 1848
Part of the Revolutions of 1848
March15.jpg
Artist Mihály Zichy's painting of Sándor Petőfi reciting the National Poem to a crowd on 15 March 1848
Date15 March 1848 – 4 October 1849
(1 year, 6 months, and 19 days)
LocationKingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire
ResultAustro-Russian victory; revolution suppressed
Belligerents
Russian Empire Russian Empire Hungarian State (April–August 1849)
Commanders and leaders

Austrian Empire Franz Joseph I (after 2 December 1848)
Austrian Empire Ferdinand I (before 2 December 1848)
Austrian Empire Alfred I, Prince of Windisch-Grätz
Austrian Empire Ludwig von Welden
Austrian Empire Julius Jacob von Haynau
Austrian EmpireCroatia-1848.gif Josip Jelačić
Austrian EmpireFlag of Serbian Vojvodina.svg Stevan Knićanin
Austrian EmpireSlovenskaVlajka1848.png Ľudovít Štúr
Austrian EmpireFlag of Wallachian Revolution of 1848, vertical stripes.svg Avram Iancu
Austrian EmpireBanner-Ruthenische-Nationalgarde-1848.JPG Hryhory Yakhymovych
Russian Empire Nicholas I

Russian Empire Ivan Paskevich

Flag of Hungarian Revolution of 1848.png Lajos Kossuth
Flag of Hungarian Revolution of 1848.png Lajos Batthyány  (POW)
Flag of Hungarian Revolution of 1848.png Artúr Görgey  (POW)
Flag of Hungarian Revolution of 1848.png György Klapka
Flag of Hungarian Revolution of 1848.png János Damjanich
Flag of Hungarian Revolution of 1848.png Lajos Aulich
Poland Henryk Dembiński
Poland Józef Bem
Poland Józef Wysocki
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg Peter Giron

Olasz légió zászló 1849 1.jpg Alessandro Monti
Strength
170,000 men from the Austrian Empire,
and 200,000 men from the Russian Empire [1]
Beginning of 1849: 170,000 men[2]
Photograph of the aged Emperor Ferdinand I dated c. 1870
Part of a series on the
Hungary
Coat of arms of Hungary
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary portal

The Hungarian Revolution of 1848 (Hungarian: 1848–49-es forradalom és szabadságharc, "1848–49 Revolution and War") was one of the many European Revolutions of 1848 and closely linked to other revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas. The revolution in the Kingdom of Hungary grew into a war for independence from the Austrian Empire, ruled by the Habsburg dynasty.

After a series of serious Austrian defeats in 1849, the Austrian Empire came close to the brink of collapse. Thus, the new young emperor Franz Joseph I had to call for Russian help in the name of the Holy Alliance.[3] Czar Nicholas I answered, and sent a 200,000 strong army with 80,000 auxiliary forces. Finally, the joint army of Russian and Austrian forces defeated the Hungarian forces. After the restoration of Habsburg power, Hungary was placed under brutal martial law.[4]

The anniversary of the Revolution's outbreak, 15 March, is one of Hungary's three national holidays.

Hungary before the Revolution

The Kingdom of Hungary had always maintained a separate parliament, the Diet of Hungary, even after the Austrian Empire was created in 1804.[5] The administration and government of the Kingdom of Hungary (until 1848) remained largely untouched by the government structure of the overarching Austrian Empire. Hungary's central government structures remained well separated from the imperial government. The country was governed by the Council of Lieutenancy of Hungary (the Gubernium) - located in Pozsony and later in Pest - and by the Hungarian Royal Court Chancellery in Vienna.[6]

Other Languages
Bahasa Indonesia: Revolusi Hongaria 1848
slovenčina: Uhorská revolúcia
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mađarska revolucija 1848.