Hugo Award

Hugo Award
Hugo Award Logo.png
Hugo Award logo
Awarded forBest science fiction or fantasy works of previous year

The Hugo Awards are a set of literary awards given annually for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The awards are named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and were officially named the Science Fiction Achievement Awards until 1992. Organized and overseen by the World Science Fiction Society, the awards are given each year at the annual World Science Fiction Convention as the central focus of the event. They were first given in 1953, at the 11th World Science Fiction Convention, and have been awarded every year since 1955. Over the years that the award has been given, the categories presented have changed; currently Hugo Awards are given in more than a dozen categories, and include both written and dramatic works of various types.

The Hugo Awards have been termed as "among the highest honors bestowed in science fiction and fantasy writing".[1] Works that have won have been published in special collections, and the official logo of the Hugo Awards is often placed on the winning books' cover as a promotional tool. The 2018 Hugos were presented at the 76th Worldcon, "Worldcon 76", in San Jose, California, on August 19, 2018. The 2019 awards will be presented at the 77th Worldcon, "Dublin 2019: An Irish Worldcon", in Dublin on August 19, 2019.

For lists of winners and nominees for each category, see the list of award categories below.


Hugo Awards through the years exhibited in Helsinki, 2017.
David Hartwell, Charles N. Brown, and Connie Willis pose with the 2008 Hugo Awards

The World Science Fiction Society (WSFS) gives out the Hugo Awards each year for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, who founded the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories and who is considered one of the "fathers" of the science fiction genre.[2] Works are eligible for an award if they were published in the prior calendar year, or translated into English in the prior calendar year. There are no written rules as to which works qualify as science fiction or fantasy, and the decision of eligibility in that regard is left up to the voters, rather than to the organizing committee. Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the WSFS constitution as instant-runoff voting with five nominees per category, except in the case of a tie.[3] The awards are split over more than a dozen categories, and include both written and dramatic works.[4]

For each category of Hugo, the voter may rank "No Award" as one of their choices. Voters are instructed that they should do so if they feel that none of the nominees are worthy of the award, or if they feel the category should be abolished entirely. A vote for "No Award" other than as one's first choice signifies that the voter believes the nominees ranked higher than "No Award" are worthy of a Hugo in that category, while those ranked lower are not.[5]

The six works on the ballot for each category are the most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of stories that can be nominated. With the exception of 1956, the first years of the awards did not include any recognition of runner-up novels, but since 1959 all of the candidates have been recorded.[3] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of six nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[6] Prior to 2017, the final ballot was five works in each category.[7] Worldcons are generally held near the start of September, and take place in a different city around the world each year.[2][8]

The idea of giving out awards at Worldcons was proposed by Harold Lynch for the 1953 convention.[9] The idea was based on the Academy Awards,[10] with the name "Hugo" being given by Robert A. Madle. The award trophy was created by Jack McKnight and Ben Jason in 1953, based on the design of hood ornaments of 1950s cars. It consisted of a finned rocket ship on a wooden base. Each subsequent trophy, with the exception of the 1958 trophy, has been similar to the original design. The rocket trophy was formally redesigned in 1984, and since then only the base of the trophy has changed each year.[11] There is no monetary or other remuneration associated with the Hugo, other than the trophy.[3]

Retro Hugos

Retrospective Hugo Awards, or Retro Hugos, were added to the ballot beginning in 1996. They are awards optionally given by a Worldcon for works that would have been eligible 50, 75, or 100 years ago.[3]

Prior to 2017, these could be awarded for the ten years that had a Worldcon where no Hugos were awarded: the conventions in 1939–41, 1946–52, and 1954.[3][12] Retro Hugos under these rules were given five times: in 1996, 2001, and 2004 for 50 years prior, and 2014 and 2016 for 75 years prior. The Worldcons eligible in 1997–2000, 2002, and 2015 chose not to award Retro Hugos, and under these rules there would have been no more opportunities to award them until 2022 (for 1947).[13]

A 2017 rule change expanded the criteria to be any year after 1939 in which no Hugos were awarded, whether or not there was a Worldcon that year, or fifteen years in total: 1939–52 and 1954.[14] Worldcon 76 and Dublin 2019 then jointly announced that Retro Hugos would be awarded in 2018 for 1943 and in 2019 for 1944.[15]

Other Languages
العربية: جائزة هوغو
asturianu: Premios Hugo
azərbaycanca: Hüqo mükafatı
български: Хюго (награда)
català: Premi Hugo
čeština: Cena Hugo
Deutsch: Hugo Award
español: Premios Hugo
Esperanto: Premio Hugo
français: Prix Hugo
Frysk: Hugo Award
galego: Premio Hugo
한국어: 휴고상
hrvatski: Nagrada Hugo
Bahasa Indonesia: Penghargaan Hugo
italiano: Premio Hugo
עברית: פרס הוגו
kurdî: Xelata Hugo
lietuvių: Hugo premija
magyar: Hugo-díj
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဟူးဂိုးဆု
Nederlands: Hugo Award
norsk: Hugo Award
norsk nynorsk: Hugo Award
polski: Nagroda Hugo
português: Prémio Hugo
română: Premiul Hugo
Simple English: Hugo Award
slovenčina: Cena Hugo
slovenščina: Nagrada Hugo
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nagrada Hugo
svenska: Hugopriset
татарча/tatarça: Хьюго премиясе
Türkçe: Hugo Ödülü
українська: Г'юго (премія)
吴语: 雨果奖
中文: 雨果奖