Huánuco Pampa

Huánuco Pampa
Ruinas de Huánuco Marca.jpg
Partial view of Huánuco Pampa.
Huánuco Pampa is located in Peru
Huánuco Pampa
Shown within Peru
Location Peru
La Unión District, Dos de Mayo Province, Huánuco
Coordinates9°52′27″S 76°48′57″W / 9°52′27″S 76°48′57″W / -9.87417; -76.81583

Huánuco Pampa,[1][2][3] Huánuco Marka[3][4] (also spelled Huánuco Marca)[1] or Huánuco Viejo,[1][3] is an archaeological site in Peru in the Huánuco Region, Dos de Mayo Province, La Unión District. The site lies on a plain above the Urqumayu or Vizcarra River in the north central Andes.[5] Wanuku Pampa is one of the many administrative centers which is built along the highland Inca highway between Cusco and Quito. The land administrated at least five, and perhaps many more, ethnic groups.[6] The city is situated on an important commercial trade route and sits on top of a plateau with ravines on all sides in order to allow easy defense of the city. Wanuku Pampa was briefly occupied by the spanish led by Gomez de Alvarado[7], who founded a city there but it was quickly moved because of the harsh climate and constant Inca raids of Illa Tupac, one of the captains of Manco Inca.

Site Layout and Architecture

Wanuku Pampa is located at an elevation of 3,625 metres (11,893 ft) on a plateau overlooking the Vizcarra River.[8]

This Inca center was designed after what is called the Architecture of Power. The Architecture of Power is the concept where buildings and spaces are intended to reinforce the image of the empire's might. At Wanuku Pampa the immense rectangular plaza measured 550m by 350m which is more than 19 hectares (47 acres).[9] The pyramidal platform that was invariably erected in the center of the plaza or to one side of it was a stage from which officials could preside over state ceremonies. The imperial highway typically took a southeast-to-northwest passage through the plaza, just as it did in Cusco.

The City covered about 2 km2, within which more than 4,000 buildings were erected. Pathways radiate out through architectural sectors from the plaza, so that the city can easily be divided up to 12 parts. Dr. Eduard Craig Morris believes that this design may have been a reflection of the relationships among the ethnic groups of the area.[10] Much of the occupants of the land were not there to live permanently but rather many of them went in and out of the area to fulfill their duties or participate in ceremonial functions.

Wanuku Pampa is one of at least six sites that were called New Cuscos, built in the conceptual, if not actual, image of the capital.[11]

Roads. Throughout Wanuku Pampa there is a road that goes through this city. The road is man made and extends throughout different countries, and does not just go through the country of Peru. The roads that go through Wanuku Pampa featured extended paved surfaces, paved staircases, stone drainage channels, retention walls, bridges and causeways. In some areas, the paved highway was 15m wide and one paved staircase was 16m wide, while two roads ran parallel along some stretches.[12]

Other Languages
español: Huanucopampa
Runa Simi: Wanuku Pampa
українська: Уануко-Пампа