Hsinchu County

Hsinchu County

新竹縣
Skyline of Hsinchu County
Flag of Hsinchu County
Flag
Coat of arms of Hsinchu County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Hsinchu County.svg
Coordinates: 24°50′0″N 121°0′53″E / 24°50′0″N 121°0′53″E / 24.83333; 121.01472(January 2017)
 • Total547,794
 • Rank11 of 22
 • Density380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (www.hsinchu.gov.tw
Symbols
BirdMuller's barbet (Megalaima oorti)
FlowerCamellia
TreeBroad-leaved podocarpus (Nageia nagi)
Hsinchu County
Traditional Chinese新竹
Simplified Chinese新竹

Hsinchu County, also romanized in various other ways, is a county in north-western Taiwan. The population of the county is mainly Hakka; there is a Taiwanese aboriginal minority in the southeastern part of the county. Zhubei is the county capital, where the government office and county office is located. A portion of the Hsinchu Science Park is located in Hsinchu County.

History

Ming Empire

Before the arrival of the Han Chinese, the Hsinchu area was home to Taokas plains aborigines, the Saisiyat, and the Atayal. After the Spanish occupied northern Taiwan, Catholic missionaries arrived at Tek-kham in 1626. Minnanese (Hoklo) and Hakka came and began to cultivate the land from the plains near the sea towards the river valleys and hills.

Qing Empire

In 1684, Zhuluo County was established during Qing Dynasty rule and more Han settled near Tek-kham. A Chinese city was established there in 1711 and renamed Hsinchu in 1875.[1] It became part of Taipeh Prefecture. In the late 19th century, Hoklo people dominated the coastal plain area, forcing the Saisiyat and Atayal tribes to move to areas around Jianshi and Wufeng, while the Hakka and Taokas settled together in the river valleys and hills area.

Japanese occupation

Japanese occupation of Taiwan began after the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895. Hsinchu became known as Shinchiku and, by 1920, its prefecture covered the areas of modern-day Hsinchu County and City, Miaoli, and Taoyuan.

Republic of China

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in 1945, Hsinchu County was established on 25 December 1945.[2]

The county's Xiangshan Township was incorporated into Hsinchu City on 1 July 1982.

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Sin-tek-koān
čeština: Okres Sin-ču
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sîn-chuk-yen
한국어: 신주현
Bahasa Indonesia: Kabupaten Hsinchu
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Sĭng-dé̤ṳk (gâing)
монгол: Шиньжү шянь
Nederlands: Hsinchu (xiàn)
日本語: 新竹県
Nordfriisk: Hsinchu (Lunkreis)
português: Condado de Hsinchu
Simple English: Hsinchu County
Tiếng Việt: Tân Trúc (huyện)
文言: 新竹縣
粵語: 新竹縣
中文: 新竹縣