House music is a genre of
electronic music created by club
music producers in
Chicago in the early 1980s.
 Early house music was generally characterized by repetitive
4/4 beats, rhythms mainly provided by
hi-hat cymbals, and
basslines. While house displayed several characteristics similar to
disco music, which preceded and influenced it, as both were DJ and record producer-created dance music, house was more electronic and minimalistic.
 The mechanical, repetitive rhythm of house was more important than the song itself; indeed, many house songs were instrumental, with no vocals, or if there was singing, the singer (typically female) would not be well-known, or there would be no words.
House music developed in
underground dance club culture in the early 1980s, as DJs from the subculture began altering the pop-like disco dance tracks to give them a more mechanical beat and deeper
basslines. As well, these DJs began to mix synth pop, dub reggae, rap and even jazz into their tracks. It was pioneered by Chicago DJ and record producer
 the Chicago
acid-house electronic music group
Phuture, the Tennessee DJ/producer
Mr. Fingers, and US-born, UK-based singer
 and was associated with
gay subcultures. House music quickly spread to other American cities such as
New York City,
Newark – all of which developed their own regional scenes. In the mid-to-late 1980s, house music became popular in Europe as well as major cities in South America, and Australia.
Early house music had commercial success in Europe, with songs such as "
Pump Up The Volume" by
MARRS (1987), "
Theme from S'Express" by
S'Express (1988) and "
Doctorin' the House" by
Coldcut (1988) climbing the pop charts. Since the early to mid-1990s, house music has been infused into mainstream
dance music worldwide. In the late 1980s, many local Chicago house music artists suddenly found themselves presented with major label deals. House music proved to be a commercially successful genre and a more mainstream
pop-based variation grew increasingly popular. House music in the 2010s, while keeping several of these core elements, notably the prominent
kick drum on every beat, varies widely in style and influence, ranging from the soulful and atmospheric
deep house to the more minimalistic
microhouse. House music has also fused with several other genres creating fusion subgenres,
 such as
electro house and
jump house. One subgenre,
acid house, was based around the squelchy, deep electronic tones created by Roland's TB-303 bassline machine.
Artists and groups such as
C+C Music Factory
 all incorporated the genre into their work in the 1990s and beyond. After enjoying significant success in the early to mid-1990s, house music grew even larger during the second wave of
progressive house (1999–2001). The genre has remained popular and fused into other popular subgenres, notably
future house and
tech house. As of 2016, house music remains popular in both clubs and in the mainstream pop scene while retaining a foothold on underground scenes across the globe. In the late 1990s to the 2010s,
progressive house artists and performers such as
Basement Jaxx, and
House of 909 brought new attention to house.